durret bio test march 17
Terms in this set (81)
the naming and classification of an organism
the swedish biologist who developed a two-word naming system by growing organisms by their physical characteristics in 1750
two-named wording system
white oak tree can be identified as a...
a group of organisms in the classification system
two-named naming system
binomial nomenclature means...
includes one or more physically similar species thought to be closely related
in binomial nomenclature, the first name is the genus which is always...
the second name in binomial nomenclature is the species which is always...
the binomial nomenclature must be written in _______ or __________
the binomial nomenclature of a human being is...
Dear King Philip Came Over For Good Spaghetti
the way to remember the order and parts of the classification system is...
the top taxon in the classification system is the...
the last two taxon in the classification system are _____ and _______
similar traits in both organisms but they evolved independently of each other (NOT from a common ancestor) is called...
wings of birds and insects/body plans of dolphins and sharks
common examples of convergent evolution are...
a group of interbreeding populations that can reproduce and are isolated from other such groups is...
results when individuals of different species interbreed and produce offspring
the evolutionary history for a group of species
bacteria, archaea, and eukaryote
the three domains of life are...
domain ________ is one of the largest groups on earth
shape and need for oxygen and diseases they can cause
bacteria causes disease and are classified by...
domain archaea have ____ _____ chemically different from bacteria
known for living in extreme environments
which domain includes a protista, plantae, fungi and animalia...
live in and on the body (causes disease)
live in extreme environments (hydrothermal vents)
1. plant like
2. animal like
3. fungus like
carry out photosynthesis
binary fission and mitosis are examples of
used for movement
obligate anaerobes can ___ live in the presence of oxygen
all of the chemical reactions in a cell
type of obligate anaerobe that requires oxygen to carry out chemical reactions
anaerobe that can survive without oxygen
small DNA molecules within a bacteria cell that is physically separated from its chromosomal (main) DNA
plasmids are able to _________ on their own.
bacteria have a...
gram ________ have a thick layer of peptidoglycan and are more susceptible to antibiotics.
gram ________ are more resistant to antibiotics.
outer layer on many bacteria that surrounds the cell wall and cell membrane of a bacteria cell
form in bacterial cells when they are exposed to harsh conditions: for example, drought or high temperatures
the endospores _______ the bacterial DNA.
hair-like structures that allow bacteria to stick to surfaces. they can also be used to exchange genetic material through the process of conjugation.
any disease-causing agent (example: viruses and bacteria)
an infectious particle that is made up of DNA or RNA and a protein coat
made up of only RNA
viroids cause disease in...
made of proteins and causes misfoldings of other proteins (example: mad cow disease)
viruses are _________ organisms. they do not grow, do not have homeostasis, do not metabolize, and they do not have proteins to sustain life
all viruses are made up of ___________ and a protein coat
protein coats are know as...
some viruses have a third structure called a ________ that surrounds the capsid. it has little spikes which help it to attach to host cells.
helical virus and polyhedral virus
viruses that infect eukaryotic cells and cause infections like rabies and influenza.
viruses that infect prokaryotic cells like bacteria
punching a hole
a bacteriophages infect bacteria by ___________________ in the bacteria's cell wall
plant viruses enter through ________ in the cell wall.
animal viruses enter cells through...
infection, replication and destruction
the mythic cycle is a cycle of...
a lythic infection will cause the host cell to...
to carry out most of the worlds photosynthesis
obtain energy through chemosynthesis of inorganic materials
live off living organisms, for example E. coli, and are the principle decomposers of the world. they break down dead organic materials.
invading tissues and making toxins causes diseases from...
a toxin is a bacteria made by an....
bacteria can _________ host
bacteria metabolize oil produced on hosts skin
bacteria may secrete .....
work by preventing formation of cell walls
soap&water or boiling water
most bacteria can be killed by....
British bacteriologist who noticed fungus of genus
grows on bacterial culture
are not affective against viruses
Antibiotics interfere with bacterial cellular processes but ...
bacteria gain __________to antibiotics