20 terms

Ancient Greece

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Acropolis
The fortified, or strengthened, hill of an ancient Greek city
Aristocrat
A member of a rich and powerful family
Peninsula
An area of land almost completely surrounded by water and connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of land
Tyrant
A ruler who takes power by force
Democracy
A form of government in which citizens govern themselves
Oracle
In ancient Greece, a sacred site where a god or goddess was consulted; any priest or priestess who spoke for the gods
Philosopher
Someone who uses reason to understand the world; in Greece, the earliest philosophers used reason to explain natural events
Tragedy
A type of serious drama that usually ends in disaster for the main character
Athens
A city-state in ancient Greece; the capital of modern day Greece
Agora
A public market and meeting place in an Ancient Greek city; the agora of Athens was spelled with a capital A
Slavery
A condition of being owned by, and forced to work for, someone else
Vendor
A seller of goods
Helot
A member of a certain class of servants in ancient Sparta
Peloponnesian War
(431 B.C.E.- 404 B.C.E.) a war fought between Athens and Sparta in Ancient Greece, involving almost every other Greek city-state
Blockade
An action taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its supplies
Plague
A wide-spread disease
Barbarian
A wild or uncivilized person
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C.: conqueror of Persia and Egypt and invader of India
Assassinate
To murder for political reasons
Hellenistic
Describing Greek history or culture after the death of Alexander the Great, including the three main kingdoms formed by the breakup of Alexander's Empire