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479 A&P of Pregnancy
Terms in this set (16)
First trimester is ___ to ___ weeks.
Second trimester is ___ to ___ weeks.
Third trimester is ___ to ___ weeks.
Early uterine enlargement is due to increased ___ and dilation of blood vessels, ___, and ___. After the 3rd month, uterine growth is due primarily to the growing fetus.
Vascularity, hypertrophy, hyperplasia
Uterine blood flow increases ___x during pregnancy.
___ is the sound of maternal blood going to the placenta and is synchronous with maternal pulse.
___ is the sound made by rushing of blood through the umbilical vessels and is synchronous with the fetal heart rate.
___ do not increase in frequency or intensity with change in position, are irregular and painless, facilitate circulation and oxygenation, and can increase with dehydration.
The nurse is teaching a primigravida about Braxton-Hicks contractions. Which of the following characteristics should be included in the teaching?A. irregular
B. usually painless, but can be annoying
C. promote oxygen delivery to fetus
D. increase with walking or exercise
E. increase in intensity
A, B, C
First recognition of fetal movements is called ___. A multipara may feel as early as 14-16 weeks whereas a primigravida may not notice until 18-20.
___ is softening of cervical tip, ___ is bluish color of cervix. ___ is the mucous plug. ___ is the softening of lower uterine segment that causes ante flexion of uterus and pressure on bladder.
Goodell's sign, chadwick's sign, operculum, hegar's sign
Vaginal changes include ___ (white or gray discharge), lower ___ (protect against some infections), Increased ___ ( more prone to yeast infections), darkening of ___, and vulvar ___.
Leukorrhea, pH, glycogen, perineum, vulvar varicosities
Colostrum begins at ___ months.
Blood volume increases significantly but blood pressure does not due to ___.
___ is due to increasing blood volume but not RBCs, and can cause increased clotting tendency, decreased circulation tendency, activation of clotting factors, and decrease in fibrinolytic activity.
Physiologic anemia of pregnancy
During pregnancy, the volume of tidal air can increase because there is:
a. An increase in total blood volume
b. increased expansion of the lower ribs
c. Upward displacement of the diaphragm
d. A relative increase in the height of the rib cage
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