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11 terms

Greco: Classifying Rocks and Igneous Rocks

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rock-forming minerals
The approximately 20 minerals that make up most of the rocks of the Earth's crust.
granite
a light-colored rock that has a high silica content.
basalt
dark-colored rock that is low in silica
grains
The particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rock its texture
texture
the look and feel of a rock's surface
Igneous Rock
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava
sedimentary rock
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together
metamorphic rock
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions
extrusive rock
is igneous rock formed from lava on the Earth's surface.
intrusive rock
is igneous rock that formed when magma hardened beneath the Earth's surface.
geologist
a scientist who studies the Earth, especially as it relates to rocks