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Duality "Double-Double" -Seeing something with 2 perspectives or sides (Ex: Lady Macbeth views Macbeth as a weak man and her husband) -Two sides to a noun (Ex: Thane of Cawdor and Glmais) -Repeating things twice, having 2 of something
Terms in this set (12)
This is a conclusion based on the premise that if A happens, then eventually through a series of small steps, through B, C,..., X, Y, Z will happen, too, basically equating A and Z. So, if we don't want Z to occur, A must not be allowed to occur either.
If we ban Hummers because they are bad for the environment eventually the government will ban all cars, so we should not ban Hummers.
This is a conclusion based on insufficient or biased evidence. In other words, you are rushing to a conclusion before you have all the relevant facts.
Even though it's only the first day, I can tell this is going to be a boring course.
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
This is a conclusion that assumes that if 'A' occurred after 'B' then 'B' must have caused 'A.'
I drank bottled water and now I am sick, so the water must have made me sick.
A conclusion is based on an argument that the origins of a person, idea, institute, or theory determine its character, nature, or worth.
The Volkswagen Beetle is an evil car because it was originally designed by Hitler's army.
Begging the Claim
The conclusion that the writer should prove is validated within the claim.
Filthy and polluting coal should be banned.
This restates the argument rather than actually proving it.
George Bush is a good communicator because he speaks effectively.
This is a conclusion that oversimplifies the argument by reducing it to only two sides or choices.
We can either stop using cars or destroy the earth.
This is an attack on the character of a person rather than her/his opinions or arguments.
Green Peace's strategies aren't effective because they are all dirty, lazy hippies.
This is an emotional appeal that speaks to positive (such as patriotism, religion, democracy) or negative (such as terrorism or fascism) concepts rather than the real issue at hand.
If you were a true American you would support the rights of people to choose whatever vehicle they want.
This is a diversionary tactic that avoids the key issues, often by avoiding opposing arguments rather than addressing them.
The level of mercury in seafood may be unsafe, but what will fishers do to support their families?
This move oversimplifies an opponent's viewpoint and then attacks that hollow argument.
People who don't support the proposed state minimum wage increase hate the poor.
This fallacy compares minor misdeeds with major atrocities.
That parking attendant who gave me a ticket is as bad as Hitler.
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