36 terms

Cataloging

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AACR
Anglo American Cataloguing Rules - the standard in US , Canada and UK for cataloging
Authority Control
A method to control the multiple ways an entry could appear in the library catalog.
BIBFRAME
A program to replace MARC, based on the concepts of linked data in that surrogate records can be created and linked to other records without regard to platform or computer language
Bibliographic record
The organized description of an information package associated with Surrogate Record.
Call number
The shelf address of an item made up of its classification number and shelf marks
Chief source of information
The source of data to be given preference as the source from which a surrogate record or portion of is prepared under the rules of AACR (or RDA)
Classification
A numeric, alphabetic or alphanumeric system used to organize information, often in hierarchical order (eg: DDC)
Controlled Vocabulary
A list of terms authorized for indexing such as subject headings
Copy Cataloging
the act of taking one or more surrogate records from one library database and copying it into another library database
creator
the person, corporate body or family responsible for the intellectual and creative content of a work, expression, manifestation or item
delimiter
in MARC, the symbol identifying the start of a subfield
edition
In surrogate record the version of the item being cataloged identified as "edition " or "version" , 250 field
250 field
Edition field
field
line in MARC corresponding to one area of description, one subject heading, one call number. Also known as TAG
FRBR
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Data . The basis for RDA, focusing on the relationships of ideas and creators
Indicators
the numeric codes in MARC that define the process for dealing with the information in the subfield. Each field has 2.
Information Package
the item being cataloged . Term used to refer to all types of materials being cataloged in a generic form rather than describing a list of item types
ILS
Integrated Library System. The computer or web based program that many school libraries have that integrates acquisitions, cataloging, circulation in one program (DESTINY).
ISBD
International Standard Book Description, International standard that defines the punctuation found in the surrogate record
ISBN
International Standard Book Number- unique numeric identifier assigned by publishers to books. (020 field)
Key Heading
In SEARS, a set of subject headings and subdivisions for one term that may be applied to all terms of its type.
Keyword
a searchable word such as a significant word in a title or summary.
Main access point
Usually 245, the element in the record that is defined as the first point of access for the record.
MARC
Machine Readable Cataloging -a group of codes to communicate information about an information package using computers
OPAC
Online Public Access catalog
Parallel title
the title of an item in a language other than the primary language of the text
preferred source of information
phrase used in RDA that refers to the priority order of sources on an information package from which to take data.
qualifier
word or phrase that removes ambiguity from an access point, usually given in parentheses Cambridge (Eng.)
RDA
Resource Description and Access, replaces AACR2, focuses on making connections through relationships between ideas and creators. Designed to be platform and format free.
Series
490/8XX, area that describes the publication connection between the information package and the series.
Statement of responsibility
245/1XX/7XX Part of the first area of a description naming the creators responsible for the creative and intellectual content
subject heading
6XX a word or phrase identifying the content or aboutness of an item
surrogate record
the result of taking physical and intellectual data about an information package and arranging the data according to standard cataloging rules.
Uncontrolled vocabulary
indexing in which any terms not just those on a list, may be used for retrieval
WEMI
Work, Expression, Manifestation, Item (the basis for RDA)
Z39.50 Protocol
A standard for information retrieval that makes it possible for any library that uses automated library systems conforming to the standard to tap into remote library collections.