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Workbook sections C & D

Open Door Policy

John Hay's clever diplomatic efforts to preserve Chinese territorial integrity and maintain American access to China

Boxer Rebellion

Anti-foreign Chinese revolt of 1900 that brought military intervention by Western troops, including Americans

"Big Stick"

Proverbial symbol of Teddy Roosevelt's belief that presidents should engage diplomacy by also maintain a strong military readiness to back up their policy

Hay-Pauncefote Treaty

Diplomatic agreement of 1901 that permitted the United states to build and fortify a Central American canal alone, without British involvement.

Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty

Agreement between the US and the revolutionary government of Panama granting America the right to build a canal


Nation whose senate in 1902 refused to ratify a treaty permitting the US to build a canal across its territory (in Panama)

Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

Questionable extension of a traditional American policy; declared an American right to intervene in Latin America nations under certain circumstances

Russo-Japanese War

War concluded by a T. Roosevelt-mediated treaty that earned TR the Nobel Peace Prize but caused much ill will toward American from the two signatories

"Gentleman's Agreement"

Diplomatic understanding of 1907-8 that ended a Japanese-American crisis over treatment of Japanese immigrants to the US

Great White Fleet

Large US naval force sent on a peaceful but highly visible vogage to Japan and elsewhere in 1907

Emilio Aguinaldo

Filipino leader of a guerilla war against American rule from 1899 to 1901

John Hay

American secretary of state who attempted to preserve Chinese independence and protect American interests in China

William Jennings Bryan

Candidate who waged an unsuccessful presidential campaign on the issue of American imperialism in the Philippines

Theodore Roosevelt

Diplomat, moralizer, wielder of the big stick, "a combination of St. Paul and St. Vitus"

Phillippe Bunau-Varilla

Scheming French engineer who helped stage a revolution in Panama and then became the new country's "instant" foreign minister

Thomas Platt

Politician who successfully schemed to get TR out of New York and off to Washington

George Washington Goethals

American engineer who organized the building of the Panama Canal

Portsmouth, New Hampshire

Site of Roosevelt-sponsored negotiations that ended the Russo-Japanese War

San Francisco, California

Place where a local school board's attempt to segregate Japanese children created an international incident

Algeciras, Spain

Site of a Roosevelt-mediated international conference on Morocco

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