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Open Door Policy
John Hay's clever diplomatic efforts to preserve Chinese territorial integrity and maintain American access to China
Anti-foreign Chinese revolt of 1900 that brought military intervention by Western troops, including Americans
Proverbial symbol of Teddy Roosevelt's belief that presidents should engage diplomacy by also maintain a strong military readiness to back up their policy
Diplomatic agreement of 1901 that permitted the United states to build and fortify a Central American canal alone, without British involvement.
Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty
Agreement between the US and the revolutionary government of Panama granting America the right to build a canal
Nation whose senate in 1902 refused to ratify a treaty permitting the US to build a canal across its territory (in Panama)
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
Questionable extension of a traditional American policy; declared an American right to intervene in Latin America nations under certain circumstances
War concluded by a T. Roosevelt-mediated treaty that earned TR the Nobel Peace Prize but caused much ill will toward American from the two signatories
Diplomatic understanding of 1907-8 that ended a Japanese-American crisis over treatment of Japanese immigrants to the US
Great White Fleet
Large US naval force sent on a peaceful but highly visible vogage to Japan and elsewhere in 1907
American secretary of state who attempted to preserve Chinese independence and protect American interests in China
William Jennings Bryan
Candidate who waged an unsuccessful presidential campaign on the issue of American imperialism in the Philippines
Diplomat, moralizer, wielder of the big stick, "a combination of St. Paul and St. Vitus"
Scheming French engineer who helped stage a revolution in Panama and then became the new country's "instant" foreign minister
Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Site of Roosevelt-sponsored negotiations that ended the Russo-Japanese War
San Francisco, California
Place where a local school board's attempt to segregate Japanese children created an international incident
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