15 terms

"America: Past and Present" Ch.15

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Terms in this set (...)

Copperheads
Northern democrats suspected of being indifferent or hostile to the Union cause in the Civil War.
Crittenden compromise
Faced with the specter of secession and war, congress tried and failed to resolve the sectional crisis in the months between Lincoln's election and inauguration. The leading proposal, introduced by Kentucky senator John, would have extended the Missouri Compromise line west to the Pacific.
Emancipation Proclamation
On January 1, 1863, President Lincoln proclaimed that the slaves of the confederacy were free. Since the south had not yet been defeated, the proclamation did not immediately free anyone, but it made an explicit war aim of the North.
Greenbacks
Members of this national party founded in 1874, who wanted to keep wartime paper money in circulation. They believed that a floating currency, would provide relief to debtors and impoverished farmers by increasing the money supply.
Sanitary Commission
An association chartered by the union government during the civil war to promote health in the northern army's camps though attention to cleanliness, nutrition, and medical care.
Jefferson Davis
He served two terms as senator from Mississippi and was secretary of war prior to his election as president of the Confederacy, a title he held until the end of the civil war.
John Crittenden
As senator from Kentucky, in 1861 he proposed a compromise that would have extended the Missouri compromise line between free and slave west to the pacific. It died amid opposition from newly elected President Lincoln.
Robert E Lee
A highly respected career officer with the U.S. Army, he was offered command of the Union Army at the outbreak of the Civil War, but declined to go against his native Virginian. He then accepted a similar position with the confederate army, which he held until his surrender at Appomattox.
George McClellan
He succeeded Winfield Scott as general-in-chief of the Union Army, but was removed in 1862 by President Lincoln, who became frustrated with his failure to take the offensive. He ran against Lincoln as a democrat in 1864 on a platform of ending the war.
Ulysses S Grant
A failed businessman and borderline alcoholic, he became a Civil War hero and the 18th president. He led Union forces to success in the west, was promoted to general in chief in 1864 and forced Lee to sign surrender papers at Appomattox Courthouse the following year.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
One of the Confederacy's best commanders, he led his army to considerable success on the battlefield until he was fatally wounded by friendly fire at Chancellorsville, VA., in 1863.
Clement Vallandigham
A democratic congressman from Ohio, he was an outspoken leader of the anti-war Copperheads, which resulted in his arrest and deportation to the south in 1863. He then went to Canada, where he ran for governor of Ohio but was defeated.
George Meade
A Union general, his forces maintained the high ground against Confederate assaults at the decisive Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863.
William Sherman
Noted for his bold military strategy, this Union general led his troops on a "scorched earth" march from Atlanta to the sea in 1864 before heading north to more military victories in the carolinas.
John Wilkes Booth
A noted actor and confederate supporter, he shot and killed President Lincoln at Ford's theater in Washington DC on April 14, 1865, then was surrounded and killed at a farm in northern Virginia 12 days later.