Some of the major functions of electrolytes include:
-Maintain osmostic pressure -Regulate hydration of various body fluid compartments -Maintain pH -Regulate proper function of heart and muscles -Oxidation-reduction reactions -Essential cofactors for enzymes(Co-Factors activate enzymes)
The total concentration of cations w/in the body is on average _______, and _________ for anions. In other words, ____ equals _____ making the body fluids always ___________
_________ plays an important role in the maintenance and distribution of water and osmotic pressure in various fluid compartments as well as assist in regulating acid/base balance
The major route of sodium excretion is:
by the kidneys in urine output
Excess sodium is termed __________, while a deficiency in sodium is termed __________
Inflammation or Edema is typically associated with an increased volume of which electrolyte?
An increase in osmolality leads too ______
Too much solute, not enough solvent, so the brain causes thirst, which will lower osmolality, and you will produce more vasopressin ADH, which will make you pee less.
Hypernatremia can be a result of which conditions?
-Cardiac failure -Liver disease -Renal disease causing GFR reduction causing decreased sodium filtration -Hyperalosternoism -Pregnancy -CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE causing less blood to pump causing less sodium to be filtered