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IHUM 201 Midterm 2
Terms in this set (187)
What is the assignment that Sceledrus has been given?
He is to guard Philocomasium.
Why is Philocomasium with Pyrgopolynices?
He carried her off against her will from Athens.
How did Palaestrio end up serving Pyrgopolynices?
Palaestrio was captured by pirates and sold to Pyrgopolynices.
What are Periplectomenus's opinions regarding marriage?
He doesn't want anything to do with it, as it would take away his freedom.
Who was Palaestrio's first master?
How does Milphidippa persuade Pyrgopolynices to go into Periplectomenus's house?
She tells him that Acroteleutium owns the house and has kicked out Periplectomenus.
What typical characteristics of Roman comedy do we see in this play?
use of stock characters
everyday language and setting
the triumph of the young lovers
When Pyrgopolynices tells her to leave, how does Philocomasium react?
She pretends to be sad, but is actually very happy.
How does Palaestrio contrive to have the two young lovers pursue their relationship?
He creates a hole in the wall between the two houses.
What role is Acroteleutium supposed to play according to the scheme that Palaestrio comes up with?
She is to pretend to be Periplectomenus's wife.
Does Pyrgopolynices ever discover the truth about the young lovers?
What does Pyrgopolynices decide to do with Palaestrio?
He gives him to Philocomasium.
What additional fault of Sceledrus does Palaestrio discover?
He steals wine from his master.
What role is Pleusicles supposed to play in Palaestrio's scheme?
a ship captain
How is the lovers' relationship discovered by Sceledrus?
He sees them together from the roof while chasing a monkey.
How does Palaestrio convince Sceledrus not to tell what he has seen?
Palaestrio persuades Sceledrus that he has seen Philocomasium's twin sister.
Why does Pyrgopolynices try to get rid of Philocomasium?
He wants her out of the way so he can start a relationship with Acroteleutium.
In addition to his high opinion of his military might, Pyrgopolynices also
thinks that women can't resist him.
What is Periplectomenus's attitude toward the lovers' relationship?
He is entirely supportive.
How does the play end for Pyrgopolynices?
He is beaten and almost castrated.
In 5.1, what does Marcus Aurelius write to help himself get out of bed?
that he needs to get up and do the work he was made to do
What did Stoicism recommend regarding social engagement?
There was a philosophical duty to interact with others and help improve things.
What is the gods' relation to the world, according to Lucretius?
They have never had anything to do with it.
For Lucretius, what happens at death?
The soul and body both disintegrate back into atoms
Where do the gods dwell, according to the Epicureans?
in some region removed from the known universe
The metaphor of the wheel for the Stoics was used to illustrate that
change is inevitable and cyclical.
For the Stoics, the thing that all human beings share is
The ruling principle in the Stoic universe is
How did Epicureans seek to maximize their happiness?
moderating desires and living simply
The Stoics called those things that we have no control over
According to Lucretius, the earth and sky
will one day be destroyed.
According to Marcus Aurelius, is it possible to have a world without offensive people?
In 8.34, Marcus Aurelius uses the image of the body to teach that
human beings shouldn't cut themselves off from each other.
According to the Epicureans, how was the earth created?
It was the result of random collisions of atoms without any intention or design
What did the Epicureans recommend regarding social engagement?
One should only have friends, in order to avoid emotional disturbances.
In On the Nature of Things, the argument that two-thirds of the earth is useless to human beings is an argument that
the earth was not created with any purpose in mind.
Lucretius writes, "But good life was impossible without a purged mind" (381). This "purged mind" for the Epicureans is also known as
What does Marcus Aurelius say about death?
We should be content with it, since it is natural.
In 12.36, Marcus Aurelius compares life to a play in order to argue
that we're here to play our part and we are to leave the stage when the director tells us.
At the beginning of the reading selection, who is Lucretius praising as "a god . . . who first discovered that reasoned plan of life which is now called Wisdom?"
What is the name of the open space through which Christians entered a basilica?
Using Saint Jerome's different levels of scriptural interpretation, what is the allegorical meaning of the story of Jonah?
Jonah's time in the belly of the fish and subsequent safe return to land prefigure Christ's death and resurrection.
Paul's original name was
Which is true regarding Paul?
He had a knowledge of Greek literature.
What is a reason why early Christians were persecuted by the government of Rome?
They refused to worship the state gods
Who were the apologists?
Those who wrote in defense of Christianity
In which city did Paul preach that he was sent by the "unknown god" to which the people had built an altar?
What famous church was built in Rome during the reign of the Emperor Constantine?
Saint Peter's Basilica
Which emperor in C.E. 312 issued in Milan a decree of toleration for Christianity (and other religions)?
Which apostle received a vision proclaiming that the Gentiles were eligible for baptism and admittance into the Christian community?
The semi-circular area in a basilica is the
To the Corinthians, what did Paul teach regarding Greek philosophy?
Knowledge of spiritual things did not come through rational means
At the Council of Jerusalem, Christian leaders decided that Gentile converts
did not need to follow the Law of Moses.
Which early Christian symbol was seen as an acronym for the phrase "Jesus Christ, Son of God and Savior?"
What are the four most important sources of information about the life of Jesus?
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
What was the spiritual significance of the transept in a Christian basilica?
It gave the building the shape of a cross, a symbol of Christ.
What did the Chi-Rho monogram refer to?
the first two letters of the Greek word for "Christ"
A simple story taught by Christ to illustrate spiritual principles is called a(n)
Which former Jewish persecutor of the Christians became an important figure in the spread of Christianity?
The long central aisle of a basilica-plan church is the
As a child, Augustine was going to be baptized, but then it didn't take place. Why not?
He was sick, but then got better.
For Augustine, the ultimate goal in life is
to love God and do God's will.
Augustine claims that he learned how to speak
so that he could get things he wanted.
How did Augustine explain the sacking of Rome by invading Germanic tribes?
It was part of God's plan to replace human kingdoms with the Kingdom of God.
As an adolescent, Augustine's most significant vice was
Augustine first started praying
so that he wouldn't be beaten at school.
What was going on historically during Augustine's lifetime?
The Western Empire was on the brink of collapse.
Why did Augustine and his friends steal pears?
because it was wrong to do
What message from the scriptures brings about Augustine's conversion?
He reads Paul's admonition to leave aside sins and become holy through Christ.
What was the chief concern of Augustine's parents when he was an adolescent?
his secular education
Augustine writes that infants
are selfish and sinners.
Which is true regarding Augustine's studies as a boy?
He loved literature.
What was Augustine's general philosophy of history?
History is linear, predetermined, and controlled by God.
Augustine addresses his autobiography to
How would the world end, according to Augustine?
The world would be purified and become righteous.
Which is true regarding Augustine's family when he was a child?
His mother was Christian and his father was pagan.
As an adult, what keeps Augustine from converting to Christianity?
He feels he can't be chaste.
Which is true regarding the style of the Confessions?
It includes numerous quotations from scriptures.
Who is ultimately responsible for Augustine's conversion?
What happens when Augustine rushes outside in misery about his sins?
He hears a child's voice saying, "Pick it up and read it."
What did Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora believe was their mission?
to reestablish the grandeur of the Roman Empire under the Christian faith
How are pendentives used to combine a dome with a basilica?
They distribute the dome's weight
What 15th-century event brought an influx of Greek scholars to the West?
the fall of Constantinople to the Turks
The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia features art in which style?
How is an icon different from a normal painting?
It is viewed as sacred and is used in religious worship.
For what type of art is the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia famous?
From 402 to 476, what city served as the western capital of the Roman Empire?
Why did Justinian close the last surviving Platonic academy?
He considered it to be a pagan institution.
What is the meaning of the Greek word "icon" (eikon)?
What did Emperor Justinian do regarding Roman law?
He had it collected and codified.
The Church of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo has mosaics in two different styles. The uppermost mosaics, featuring scenes from the Gospels, are in which style?
What city was the center of imperial life in the Roman Empire in the fifth and early sixth centuries?
How does the shape of the Church of San Vitale in Ravenna differ from traditional basilica design?
It is octagonal.
To what use was Hagia Sophia converted after the Turks assumed control?
It became a mosque.
What major religious division is evident in the two baptisteries of Ravenna?
between Orthodox and Arian Christians
The interior decoration of San Vitale is in which style?
Who was Emperor Justinian?
the ruler of the eastern Roman Empire in the sixth century
What was Justinian's major architectural achievement?
the rebuilding of Hagia Sophia
What do we learn about the relationship between church and state from the mosaic of Justinian in San Vitale?
There was little to no separation between the two, since Justinian saw himself as appointed by God.
What famous church was commissioned during Theodoric's reign?
the Church of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo
What was the name of the most important style of architecture between 1000 and 1150 CE?
What is the subject of the Bayeux Tapestry?
the Norman Invasion of England in 1066 CE
Who was an important Anglo-Saxon scholar at Charlemagne's court in Aachen?
Alcuin of York
What was the principal material used for manuscripts in the Middle Ages?
What was Carolingian minuscule?
a precise and rounded form of calligraphy
Which is true regarding Gregorian chant?
It is traditionally sung without accompaniment.
Charlemagne was king of the
The passageway that runs behind the apse and allows visitors to access the chapels is called the
What is an "illuminated" book?
a lavishly decorated book
What material was often used for the covers for medieval books?
What were two characteristics of the architecture between 1000 and 1150 CE?
heavy stone arches and elaborate external sculpture
What is the name for the semicircular space above the doors on a Romanesque church?
The medieval curriculum established during Charlemagne's reign included which general categories?
grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic
Who was the author of the most famous "Rule" in western monasticism?
What is a melisma?
an intricate series of musical notes
What was the Divine Office?
the schedule of monastic worship
Who was Hildegard of Bingen?
a Benedictine nun and author
In what town did Charlemagne build his palace and royal chapel?
Which is true regarding Charlemagne and education?
He encouraged education, founded several schools, and also sought learning himself
Which is true regarding the relation between the pope and Charlemagne?
The pope approved of Charlemagne's efforts and crowned him emperor.
In the Gothic style, what is the name for the building level between the nave arcade and the clerestory?
How is a typical Gothic apse different from a traditional Romanesque apse?
It has a double ambulatory.
For what contribution is Abbot Suger most famous?
He introduced the major features which defined Gothic architecture.
Which of the following is a distinctive characteristic of Gothic architecture?
the pointed arch
What was the first building to introduce Gothic innovations?
the abbey church at Saint-Denis
What was the functional purpose of the Gothic gargoyles?
In the tympanum of Chartres Cathedral that depicts Mary as the Seat of Wisdom, what surrounds her in the archivolts?
the symbols of the seven liberal arts
From c. 1150 to 1300, what city was the intellectual and cultural center of Western civilization?
What were the two major characteristics of Gothic architecture?
increased height and stained-glass windows
According to Suger's theory about beauty,
earthly beauty can help us learn to understand spiritual beauty.
What was the specific reason that La Sainte Chapelle was built?
to house relics of Christ's Passion
Who invented the system of musical notation that we use today?
An external masonry support for a Gothic structure is
a flying buttress.
One of the prominent medieval composers associated with the school at Notre-Dame was
What is the term used to describe a medieval polyphonic vocal piece featuring several different texts, including texts in different languages?
What kind of changes do we see in sculpture in the Gothic era?
The poses become more natural.
What was innovative about organum?
It introduced polyphony.
What is the term used to describe early polyphony where one voice maintains the basic chant melody while the upper voices sung the same syllable but in elaborate melodic developments?
What is the term used to describe early polyphony where the voices maintain the same musical interval while singing the same melody?
included both sacred and secular subject matter.
Courtly love refers to
a new attitude celebrating love that shows up first in the songs of the troubadours.
Which best describes the attitude of a knight towards his lady according to courtly love?
The knight is to be subservient to the lady's wishes.
One of the powerful medieval women who helped popularize the culture of courtly love was
Eleanor of Aquitaine
In "The Lay of Sir Launfal," what is Launfal's situation at the beginning of the story?
He fights valiantly, but the king forgets about him
In "The Lay of the Nightingale," what does the husband do to the nightingale?
He catches it and kills it.
Marie de France most likely lived and produced her works at the court of
Henry II of England.
What does Sir Launfal promise to the mysterious lady?
not to reveal their relationship
In "The Lay of the Nightingale," what does the woman respond to her husband when questioned about why she gets up at night?
She says that she gets up to listen to the song of the nightingale.
Who were the troubadours?
poets (including nobility) who wrote love songs
Which of the following is not a language that Marie de France most likely knew?
Why does Sir Launfal break his promise to his lady?
The queen accuses him of not loving women.
What is true about Marie de France's prologue?
She says that since she has a gift, she is bound to share it.
What happens to Sir Launfal at the end of the story?
He and the lady go away to Avalon.
Which of the following is one of the "rules of love" from Andreas Capellanus?
Public revelation of love is deadly to love in most instances.
Who denounces Sir Launfal to King Arthur?
What does "Notre Dame" mean?
What does the mysterious lady ask of King Arthur?
to release Sir Launfal to her
In "The Lay of the Nightingale," which best describes the relationship between the woman and her neighbor?
They are in love with each other, but they only express it in words and glances.
What does the neighboring knight do at the end of "The Lay of the Nightingale?"
He makes a jeweled box in which he keeps the body of the nightingale.
How did Saint Bernard of Clairvaux interpret the Song of Solomon (or the Song of Songs)?
as an expression of love between God and the Church
Perceval becomes distracted by the sight of some drops of blood in the snow. Why?
The colors remind him of his beloved's face.
After Perceval leaves the Grail Castle the next morning, what surprising fact does he learn?
There normally isn't any castle in the area.
Who is the hermit who hears Perceval's confession?
Shortly after leaving the Grail Castle, Perceval encounters for a second time the damsel that he met early on in the story. What is her condition now?
She is being mistreated severely by a knight.
What is the situation of Beaurepaire when Perceval first arrives?
It has been devastated by attacks from an enemy army.
What fault does Perceval commit at the Grail Castle?
He stays silent and doesn't ask any questions
What does Perceval do early in the narrative when he encounters the sleeping damsel?
He kisses her and takes her ring.
Who trains Perceval in the proper way to be a knight?
When Perceval leaves Beaurepaire, what strange encounter does he have?
He meets a man fishing, who offers to give him shelter that night
What happens to Sir Kay when he fights with Perceval?
Perceval breaks Sir Kay's arm.
In the final section of the reading, what day is it?
What would Perceval have been able to do at the Grail Castle if he had done as he should?
He could have cured the Fisher King of his wound
What happened to Perceval's mother after he left?
She died of grief.
Why has Perceval's mother raised him to be ignorant?
Her other sons became knights and were killed.
Who persuades Perceval to come back to where King Arthur's court is camped?
What does Perceval do to the Red Knight?
He kills the Red Knight with a javelin.
What is one of the instructions that Perceval's mother gives him as he leaves home?
to attend church
What is one of the instructions that Perceval receives regarding how to be a good knight?
to not kill a knight who had surrendered
What does the Holy Grail contain?
a consecrated wafer from the Mass
Where is Perceval from in the story?
Who wrote The Braggart Soldier
Who wrote Meditations
Who wrote On the Nature of Things
Who wrote The Confessions
Who wrote "The Lay of the Nightingale," and "The Lay of Sir Launfal"
Marie de France
Who wrote Perceval
Chrétien de Troyes
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