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14 terms

Animal Skeletal System

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Functions of the skeletal system
Form, Protection, Storage, Movement, Strength, Support.
Layers of bone
Periostium, Compact, Bone Marrow, Cartilage.
Types of Bones
Long, Short, Flat, Irregular
Types of Joints
Hinge (Knee or Elbow), Gliding (Wrist), Ball and Socket (Hip), Pivotal ( Base of the Skull)
Axial Skeleton
All bones associated with the Skull, Vertebrae, and Ribs.
Pectoral Limb
Front legs and Shoulder
Pelvic Limb
Back leg and Hip
Bone
Hard tissue, mostly calcium, provides support and makes Red Blood Cells.
Cartilage
Shiny White, Hard Tissue found at the end of long bones and prevents from grinding against each other.
Ligament
Strong white bands of tissue that connects two bones together at a joint.
Tendon
Shiny white bands of tissue that connects muscles to bones.
Marrow
Spongy tissue that fills the inside of the bone, Produces red and white blood cells, Produces Platlets. (Jello Like)
Periostium
fibrous sheath that covers bones. It contains blood vessels and nerves that provide nourishment and sensation to the bone.
Compact Bone
Honeycombed, passage for blood vessels and nerves, body tissue for calcium and phosphorus.