Wordlist 6 (GSOM students only)

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Terms in this set (...)

ban (n)
an official order that prevents something from happening
career prospects
the probability or chance for future success in a profession
housing and living costs
The average cost of the basic necessities of life, such as food, shelter, and clothing
phenomenon (sing) -phenomena (pl)
something that exists and can be seen, felt, tasted, etc., especially something unusual or interesting
to creep ( e.g. work tasks creep into people's home lives)
to move slowly, quietly, and carefully, usually in order to avoid being noticed
insidious (adj)
awaiting a chance to entrap
harmful but enticing: insidious drugs
to be 'on call'
to be available in case you are needed at work, especially as a doctor
balance model - depletion model
стоит уточнить у преподавателя
make-up
(of a number of things) to form something as a whole
portfolio worker
a person who works for several different companies or organizations at the same time
to blur the line between smth and smth
to define the place where smth ends and other starts
'intensification' ('extensification')
being greater, more serious, or more extreme, or to make something do this
'overflow'
When a place overflows, or people or things overflow from somewhere, some people or things have to come out because it cannot contain them all
workforce
the group of people who work in a company, industry, country, etc.
cramped
not having enough space or time
affordable
able to be bought or rented by people who do not earn a lot of money
exposition
a clear and full explanation of an idea or theory
expository (text)
explaining or describing something
respectively
(of two or more items) with each relating to something previously mentioned, in the same order as first mentioned:
George and Kenneth were married in 1980 and 1985, respectively.
statistics
information collected about sth in the form of numbers
first and foremost
more than anything else:
In spite of being elected to office, she remains first and foremost a writer.
vice versa
used to say that what you have just said is also true in the opposite order:
He doesn't trust her, and vice versa (= she also doesn't trust him).
statistical adjustments
корректировка статистических данных
comparable subset
сравнимое подмножество, выборка
convict of (criminal offence)
to prove or declare guilty of an offense, especially after a legal trial
victim
a person who suffers from a destructive or injurious action or agency
to be victimized
to be a person who suffers from a destructive or injurious action or agency
victimization
an act that exploits or victimizes someone (treats them unfairly)
victimization rate
the chances of becoming harmed by a particular crime - usually expressed as "for every 1000 people per year"
picture of crime
all the aspects that are reflected in committed crime (victim, offender, motive,
circumstances, etc.)
vehicle-related crime
crime related to any damage of alien (another's) vehicle
property-related crime
crime related to any damage of alien (another's) chattels
household / personal crime
a crime that directly affects the entire household/ a crime that directly affects just the victim
assault (n)
deliberate attempt to cause injury to another
data set(s)
collection of observations from a sample or population;
a list of recommended data elements with uniform definitions that are relevant for a particular use
complementary
adjective: enhancing each other's qualities (for two things or more);
serving to complete something
disparate
different in every way
simply / apparently / to some extent
просто / очевидно / до некоторой степени
necessarily related / completely unrelated / apparently unrelated
обязательно связанный / полностью unrelated / по-видимому unrelated
clearly / consistently / convincingly
ясно / последовательно / убедительно
overwhelmingly / largely / obviously
подавляюще / в значительной степени / очевидно
adequately / fully / systematic
адекватно / полностью / систематически
to leave aside
оставить в стороне
homicide
(an act of) murder
...
ясно / последовательно / убедительно
histogram
A graphical display where the data is grouped into ranges (such as "40 to 49", "50 to 59", etc), and then plotted as bars.
map
a representation, usually on a flat surface, as of the features of an area of the earth or a portion of the heavens, showing them in their respective forms, sizes, and relationships according to some convention of representation
pie chart
a graphic representation of quantitative information by means of a circle divided into sectors, in which the relative sizes of the areas (or central angles) of the sectors correspond to the relative sizes or proportions of the quantities.
table
a systematic arrangement of data usually in rows and columns for ready reference.
I have here some statistics on ... from...
У меня здесь некоторая статистика о... из...
These figures are from the latest statistics on...published by the government
Эти цифры из последней статистики о... опубликованной правительством.
This first graph shows how...
Этот график показывает, как...
This graph shows the relationship between...
Этот график показывает взаимоотношение между...
in some respects
with regard to some or many details
notably
especially or most importantly
to incorporate data into a piece of writing
включить в письменную работу данные
graph curve
a picture that shows how two sets of information or variables are related by a curve ( a line that bends continuously and has no straight parts)
bar chart
a mathematical picture in which different amounts are represented by thin vertical or horizontal rectangles that have the same width but different heights or lengths
diagram
a simple plan that represents a machine, system, or idea, etc., often drawn to explain how it works
flow chart
a drawing that shows the stages of a process or activity from the beginning to the end using different shapes connected by lines
graph
a picture that shows how two sets of information or variables (= amounts that can change) are related, usually by lines or curves
harassment
behaviour that annoys or upsets someone
discrete
having a clear independent shape or form
ban (v)
to forbid (= refuse to allow) something, especially officially
to poach
1. to cook something such as a fish, or an egg with its shell removed, by putting it in gently boiling water or other liquid. 2. to catch and kill animals without permission on someone else's land. 3. to take and use for yourself unfairly or dishonestly something, usually an idea, that belongs to someone else
pre-ban/post-ban years
before and after an official order that prevents something from happening
criterion (sing) - criteria (pl)
a standard by which you judge, decide about, or deal with something
to increase inexorably
to (make something) become larger in amount or size continuing without any possibility of being stopped
it is worrisome
Вызывает тревогу тот факт
vagaries(pl)
sudden changes that are not expected
to gross up
to increase an amount by adding something that is not normally included, such as tax
timely
happening or done at exactly right time
annualy-biannualy
once a year-twice a year
violence-domestic violence
насилие-домашнее насилие
theft- vehicle-related; theft from a person
угон; кража
burglary
the crime of illegally entering a building and stealing things
at an outset
from the beginning
So every row in this table corresponds to ...
каждая строка этой таблицы соответсвует/согласуется с
Looking at his next graph, we can see that ...
если вы посмотрите на следующий график, вы увидите
I want to focus your attention on this column here
хочу обратить ваше внимание на этот столбец
This table tells us smth interesting about how...
эта таблица показывает нам что-то интересное о том, как
census
an official enumeration of the population, with details as to age, sex, occupation, etc.
field work
work done in the field, as research, exploration, surveying, or interviewing:
to downplay facts
to treat or speak of facts so as to reduce emphasis on their importance, value, strength, etc.:
(criminal) offence
an act punishable by law; usually considered an evil act
Glean information
To gain information or material bit by bit
Fraud- fraudulent offense- fraudster
To trick people to gain money
Consensual crime
A crime which were supported by both sides
Sexual offense
An offense which goal is sexual action
Minor crime
Not very serious crime
Year on year comparisons
Год к году
To track smth onto smth
To see changes depending on smth
To map smth on smth
To mark smth on smth
hotspot
1) A small area with a relatively high temperature in comparison to its surroundings.
2) A place of significant activity, danger, or violence
3) A popular place of entertainment
deforestation
The action of clearing a wide area of trees
forest degradation
Forest degradation is different from deforestation. Degradation is used to mean the destruction or reduction in quality of specific aspects of forests. Prolonged degradation can wipe out a forest. Degradation can result in a decrease in tree cover, changes in their structure or a reduction in the number of species that can be found there. If acid rain destroys trees in a vast area, it can be called forest degradation.
to go extinct, to be in danger of extinction
1) (of a species, family, or other larger group) having no living members
2) No longer in existence
to misrepresent
Give a false or misleading account of the nature of
labour market
The availability of employment and labour, in terms of supply and demand
work-life balance
The division of one's time and focus between working and family or leisure activities