A hierarchical authority structure that 1. uses task specialization 2. operates on the merit principle 3. behave with impersonality.
a job given for political reasons rather than for merit or competence alone
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Created federal civil service so that hiring and promotion would be based on MERIT and NOT PATRONAGE
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle and the desire to create a nonpartisan govt service
The idea that hiring should be based on entrance exams and promotion ratings to hire people with talent and skill
a federal law prohibiting govt employees from active participation in partisan politics
Independent Regulatory Commission
A govt agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect the public interest. It also judges disputes over these rules.
A government organization that provides a service that could be provided by the private sector and typically charges for its services. ex) Postal Service
Independent Executive Agency
The govt not accounted for by cabinet depts, indpt regulatory commissions, and govt corporations. Its administrators are typically appointed by the president and serve at the President's pleasure. ex) NASA
The stage of policymaking between the est. of a policy and the consequences of a policy for those whom it affects. Implementation involve translating the goals and objectives of a policy into an operating, ongoing program.
The authority of adminstrative actors to select among various responses to a given problem. Discretion is greatest when routines, or SOP's, do not fit a case.
the use of govt authority to control or change some practicein the private sector.
the lifting of restrictions on businesses industry, and professional activities for which govt rules had been est. and that bureaucracies had been created to administer.
regulations originating from the executive branch. one method the president can use to control the bureaucracy.