The Excretory System
Terms in this set (33)
What is the function of the excretory system:
The system in the body that collects waste from the body then removes it from the body.
What is the process of removing wastes from the body called
What are three wastes that the body must get rid of?
A chemical that comes from the breakdown of proteins
The major organs of the excretory system
A watery fluid produced by the kidneys
Where does blood flows through
What do the Kidneys filter?
Urine flows from the kidneys through two narrow tubes called
What is the sacklike muscular organ called
What does the urinary bladder store
When the bladder is full urine flows out of the body through a tube called the
Tiny structures that remove wastes form the blood and produce urine are called
What are the stages of urine formation
from the blood both waste and needed materials are removed
much of the needed materials is returned to the blood
True or False: Urea and glucose stay in the capillaries while blood cells and protein molecules move into the capillaries while blood cells and protein molecules move into the capsule of a nephron.
List the substances that are returned to the blood
glucose, most of the water and small amounts of other materials
List the substances that stay in kidneys
urea and other waste
Why is a chemical analysis of urine useful to doctors
to see if you have any diseases.
the kidneys help maintain homeostasis by regulating the amount of what in the body
True or False: If you've been sweating a lot and haven't had much to drink, your body will absorb less water and produce a larger volume of urine.
What are three organs of excretion, not including the kidneys?
Lungs, Skin, Liver
What is the function of the liver
breaks down waste
Its the result of proteins breaking down
Its tiny sacs of lung tissue
Its an irritation of the breathing passages
Its a tiny filtering factory in the kidneys
Its a large muscle that helps you breathe
Its a small tube through which urine leaves the body
Its the voice box
a dark substance and makes cilia clump together
Its a dangerous chemical in tobacco smoke
they are tiny hairlike, and sweep mucus around
What process release energy from oxygen and glucose