Civil Rights Test
Terms in this set (27)
Explain the 13th Amendment
This amendment freed the slaves.
Explain the 14th Amendment
Guaranteed equal protection of the law and due process regardless of race (citizenship)
Explain the 15th Amendment
Guaranteed the right to vote regardless of race or former enslavement
Who was Rosa Parks?
During a time when public transportation was legally segregated, she was arrested on
December 1, 1955, when she refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man.
Her actions prompted black church and business leaders to conduct a boycott of the
Montgomery bus company, which began December 5, 1956.
What group would have been disappointed by the interpretation of the 15th Amendment?
What is the UFW?
The United Farm Workers sought to improve conditions for Chicano migrant farm workers.
What is AIM?
Co-founded by Dennis Banks, The American Indian Movement insisted on greater respect for
Who is the NAACP?
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded by W.E.B. Dubois,
to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and
to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination"
What was Cesar Chavez's contribution to the Civil Rights movement?
He called for non-violent struggles for justice and used strikes, boycotts and other forms of
civil disobedience to improve conditions for migrant workers.
Who was Betty Friedan?
Co-founder of NOW (National Organization of Women) in 1966, Inspired women to leave
traditional roles and seek new opportunities in education, the workplace and leadership.
How did Hector P. Garcia contribute to the Civil Rights Movement?
Mexican American physician and civil rights advocate, Dr. Garcia organized the American G.I.
Forum (1948). The organization expanded to address educational and vocational training,
housing, public education, poll taxes, voter registration, hospitalization and employment.
What two civil rights leaders opposed cooperation with members of other racial groups during
Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael
Explain the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Prohibited discrimination in restaurants and hotels on the basis of race, color, religion, or
national origin and had penalties for acts of racial discrimination.
Why did President Truman desegregate the armed forces after WWII?
He wanted the United States to serve as a model for democracy for the post-WWII world
Explain the Civil Rights Act of 1957.
Prohibited the racial segregation in public education
What was the reaction of many Southern Democratic Senators to the decision of Brown v. Board of Education?
They retreated to their home states to resist the decision by force if necessary
Who is George Wallace?
Governor of Alabama, was Pro-Segregation policies during the 1960s, tried to keep African-
Americans out of the University of Alabama
What was the result of Hernandez v. Texas?
It ruled that Mexican-Americans were a separate class with the right to equal protection
under the 14th Amendment
What court case did the Texas Supreme Court rule that Texas had to change its ways of funding public schools, so that students in poorer districts would not be left with fewer resources?
Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
What was the result of Sweatt v. Painter?
It ruled that an African-American could attend the Law School of the University of Texas since
Texas had failed to provide an alternative law school of the same quality.
What court case was overturned by Brown v. Board of Education?
Plessy v. Ferguson, "separate, but equal"
What was the Supreme Court's decision in Wisconsin v. Yoder?
Religious freedom included the Amish way of life as an acceptable alternative to formal
Who was the first African-American Supreme Court justice?
What First Lady was a human rights activist and advocate for women and the poor?
LULAC is a organization that helps support opportunities for -
Who was Dolores Huerta?
Activist for farmworkers' rights, Co-founder of the UFW (United Farm Workers Union), Directed the national grape boycott which led to collective bargaining rights of workers.
Have the goals of the Civil Rights Movement been met?