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35 terms

Exam 1 for Sociology

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Sociological Imagination
As defined by C.Wright Mills, which of the following "enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society
social institution
a set of stories embedded within a social network about the standard ways a society meets its needs
Positivism
the idea that we can scientifically and logically study social institutions and the individuals within them
Max Weber
Criticized Marx for focusing exclusively on economics and social class as explanations for human behavior and advocated sociological analyses that allowed for multiple influences
Verstehen
the author of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism argued that sociologists should study social behavior from the perspective of the people engaging in it
interpretive sociology
The study of social meanings that emphasizes subjectivity in understanding human behavior
anomie
According to Suicide, one of the main social forces leading to suicide is a sense of normlessness that results from drastic changes in society, this normlessness was called
University of Chicago
American sociology in the United States began at which of the following universities?
W.E.B. DuBois
Which of the following applied Durkheim's theory of anomie to explain crime rates amongst African Americans after the abolition of slavery in the United States?
sociology
the study of human society
Functionalism
what modern sociological theory grew from Durkheim's and others' ideas that the best way to analyze society was to identify the roles that different aspects or phenomena play in the overall structure of society
conflict theory
in contrast to functionalism, which modern sociological theory borrows from Marx's belief that competition, not consensus, is the essential cause of social change?
shared meaning
what do symbolic interactionists study ?
Microsociology
focuses its analises on face-to-face encounters and interactions
macrosociology
focuses its analyses on larger social dynamics at the societal and structural level
things are not what they seem
according to Peter Berger's article in RFS, The first wisdom of Sociology is?
an intense endless, shameless curiosity about human behavior
according to Berger, the most important characteristic of a good Sociologist is?
troubles; issues
according to C.Wright Mills the term ------ refers to problems unique to an individual while the term ----- reflects problems common enough to indicate social forces negatively impacting certain groups on categories of people
a social fact
Durkheim would say that the need for a college degree in 21st century united states is?
Simmel's "stranger" means
a person near enough that we interact on a fairly regular basis, but who has some characteristics that differentiate the person, making him/her "other".
Quantitative research
the research method that uses statistical analyses to describe the social world is
Correlation, Time order, Ruling out alternative explanations, and *panel study results
All the the following are factors needed to establish causality Except:
independent variables
the measured factors that a sociologist believes have a causal impact on another variable are known as the
a hypothesis
If a sociologist concludes that "as people's education increases, usually so too does their income," this is an example of which of the following research terms?
Reliability
the likelihood that a researcher will obtain the same result using the same measures the next time he or test a hypothesis is
Sample
Charles is a sociologist studying a population of gay fathers in the United States. He interviews 200 men in the data collection. These 200 men comprise what researchers call a
Participant observation
Michelle Duneier's study of homeless men on New York City's Sixth Avenue involved hanging out with his research subjects to collect data. This type of methodology is known as:
Content Analysis
studying media depictions of fun violence in popular films like rambo and scarface. This type of method is called
Cultural Scripts
Gender and engaging in enjoyable premarital sex are examples of learned behavior that are not natural or universal, are known as:
Values; norms
if ____ are abstract cultural beliefs, then ____ are how values are put into play.
cultural relativism
it is important to take into account differences across cultures without making value judgements
material culture
money
centralized
fewer and fewer groups own more and more of the media. the media can be said to be increasingly
Jean Killbournes college lectures and film, Killing Us Softly , examines what issue
sexism in the media
Hegemony
"refers to a historical process in which a dominant group exercises 'moral and intelectual leadership' throughout society by wining the voluntary 'consent' of popular masses" ... going with the flow because it seems right instead of domination which is being forced to do something