Lab 9 The Appendicular Skeleton
Terms in this set (100)
# of bones in appendicular skeleton
# of bones in axial skeleton
total # of bones
What bones make up the appendicular skeleton
pectoral girdle, upper extremity, pelvic girdle, lower extremity
What does the pectoral girdle include?
scapula and clavicle
What does articulates mean?
The scapula articulates with the
How and where does the clavicle articulate?
to the sternum, medially
to the scapula, laterally
Which portion of the scapula has the scapular spine?
Which direction does the glenoid cavity face?
What does the acromion process of the scapula attach to?
Where does the coracoid process attach?
to the humerous
What are the 3 borders of the scapula named?
What are the 3 angles of the scapula called?
What are the 3 fossa of the scapula
What is the purpose of the glenoid
site of humerus attachment
What is the most commonly fractured bone in the body?
The superior portion of the clavicle is
the inferior portion of the clavicle is what? why?
rough, for attachment
what does the acromial end of the clavicle attach to?
which direction does the flat end of the clavicle face
what does the sternal end of the sternum attach to?
Which way does the blunt end of the clavicle face?
Where is the cornoid tubercle located?
near the acromial end of the clavicle
what is the coronoid tubercle for?
What bones make up the upper limbs
arm and wrist/hand bones
What bones make up the wrist/hand?
Where is the humerus located
in the brachial region
Where is the radius and ulna located
antebrachial region (radius is lateral)
How many bones does the carpus (wrist) consist of ?
how many rows are the bones of the carpus (wrist) arranged in
How many bones does the hand have? In how many groups?
How does the head of the humerus face?
What direction is the olecrannon fossa?
two tubercles of the humerus? What is the groove?
the greater and lesser tubercules
the point of attachment for the deltoid muscle
large rough area
2 condyles of the humerus
the capitulum and the trochlea
the site where the radius articulates with the humerus
the site where the ulna articulates with the humerus
olecrannon process of the ulna is
radial notch of the ulna faces
most proximal portion of ulna (elbow)
attaches to the trochlea of humerus
head of ulna
is closer to the wrist the elbow
at the distal end of the ulna
radius styloid process faces
proximal end of radius has the
head of radius and radial tuberosity
site where biceps brachii muslce inserts
the distal end of the radius has
the styloid process of the radius
styloid process of the radius
can be palpated next to the thumb
what bones make up the arm
what bones make up the writs/hand
The proximal row of carpal bones
scaphoid, lunate, triquetium, pisiform
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The proximal row of carpal bones
trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate
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# of carpal bones
# of metacarpal bones
the roman numerals of the metacarpals go
thumb to pinkie
phalanges have 3 classifications of phalanx
What are the 3 bones of the os coxae
acetabulum of ilium
site of femur attachment
what are the 4 names of the iliac spines
anterior superior iliac spines
anterior inferior iliac spines
prosterior superior iliac spine
posterior inferior iliac spine
2 sciatic notches of ilium
top part of hip
where the hamstring muscle attaches
large holes in hip bone
wider pubic arch
narrower pubic arch
what bones make up the lower limbs
bones of the leg and foot/ankle
what bones make up the leg
what bones make up the ankle/foot
# of bones in the tarsus (ankle)?
# of rows?
longest and heaviest bone of the body
femur head faces
linea aspera is located
inserts into the acetabulum of the hip bone
fovea capitis of femur
where ligament attaches from the femur to the acetabulum
two trochanters of femur
greater and lesser trochanter
posterior ridge between the 2 trochanters of the femur
2 condyles of the femur
medial and lateral
located between the condyles (posteriorly)
The tibial tuberosity faces
the medial malleolus of the tibia faces
the 2 condyles of the tibia
lateral and medial condyles
ankle bone (medially)
attachment point for the patellar ligament
lateral malleolus (fibula)
ankle bone (laterally)
proximal bones of the tarsals
calcaneus, talus, navicular
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distal bones of the tarsals
medial cuneiform, intermediate cuneiform, lateral cuneiform, cuboid
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how many metatarsal bones
roman numerals of metatarsals go
big toe to pinkie toe
phalanges compoosed of
proximal middle distal