Crucial to Industrialization was
the replacement of human and animal power with inanimate sources of energy such as steam
By the conclusion of the 19th century, the dominant form of industrial organization in Europe, the United States, and Japan was
the factory system
Which of the following is not a correct pairing of inventor and invention
Josiah Wedgewood and the "mule"
James Watt invented a more efficient steam pump when
he copied and consolidated several important American inventions
James Watt's steam engine did not adapt well to transportation uses because
it consumed too much coal
Marx and Engels proposed that capitalism divided people into two classes. The classes were
the capitalist and the proletariats
Marx suggested that music, literature, and art
served the purposes of the capitalists because they diverted the workers from their misery
Marx believed that the final result of the socialist revolution would be
a "disctatorship to the proletariat"
Which of the following was not a problem that plagued Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and south and SE Asia
both native and foreign finance interests adopted an anti-free trade policy
Over the long haul, trade unions
reduced the likelihood of a revolution by improving the lives of the working people
The British government first began regulating hourse and conditions of work, especially for women and children in the
Factory Act of 1833
In the 1880's Otto van Bismarck
introduced medical insurance and unemployment compensation for German workers
Which of the following was not a cause of the Civil War in America
debate over the alliance with Britain
The victory of the northern states in the US Civil War
strengthened the power of the federal government
Simon Bolivar summed up the developing political situation in Latin America when he said
"I fear peace more than war."
The lines: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal," comes from the
"declaration of sentiments" of the Seneca Falls Convention
The nature of the American Civil War changed on January 1, 1863 when
Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation
After the conclusion of the Civil War, freed blacks
quickly lost their political and civil liberties in the South
Italian immigrants who settled in Argentina but traveled back and forth to Europe were called
One of the chief reasons, the framers of the US constitution were opposed to abolishing slavery was because
their recognition of the sanctity of private property
The Argentina president wrote a book in which stated that Buenos Aires and its European connection were necessary to discipline the unruly countryside was
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
The great epic peom that expressed the life of the gaucho and lamented its decline was
The Gaucho Martin Fierro
The movement of the Cherokee Indians from the eastern woodlands to Oklahoma came to be known as the
Trail of Tears
The main spark for the outbreak of the Mexican American War in 1845 was the United States admission of _______as a new state.
Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were joined together at the Dominion of Canada
by the British North American Act of 1867
Which of the following is not one of the reasons for the northern victory in the Civil War
Union had better generals
Which of the following statement is not true about the capitulations?
they were imposed on the Europeans by Ottomans
In the early 19th century the Ottoman sultan, Selim III
was locked up by the Janissaries because they considered his reforms a threat
In 1826 Sultan _______ had mutinous Janissaries slaughtered and this opened door to further reform.
Which of the following was not one of the leading principles of the Young Turks?
Islam as the guiding principle in public life
Which of the following Young Turks proposals caused the empire the most dissension in the empire?
Turkish as the official language of th empire
Which of the following states was the least multiethnic and multicultural in the 19th century?
As part of the Russian reforms during the reign of Alexander II, the government created zemstovs
which were elected district assemblies
The centerpiece of Sergei Witte's Russian industrial policy was
a massive program of railway construction
The working conditions of the growing Russian industrial class in St. Petersburg and Moscow
were terrible and left the workers receptive to revolutionary propaganda
After the assassination of Alexander II his successor Nicholas I
championed opposition and policy control
The deciding factor in the Russo-Japanese war was
the Japanese surprise attack on the Russian navy at Port Arthur
Which of the following was not one of the principle of the Taiping Rebellion?
Hong Xuiquan's belief that he was the reincarnation of Buddha
The Self Strengthening movement was an attempt to blend indigenous cultural traditions with western technology in
By the end of the 19th century, the only thing keeping China from being completely divided up into spheres of influence by foreigners was
distrust among foreign powers
The Meji reformers actively copied western Europeans and Americans because
they understood the danger of those two groups and wanted to find a way to survive
Which of the following was not one of the foundations of the Meiji restoration?
turning Japan into a constitutional republic