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The Industrial Revolution began in

Great Britain

Crucial to Industrialization was

the replacement of human and animal power with inanimate sources of energy such as steam

By the conclusion of the 19th century, the dominant form of industrial organization in Europe, the United States, and Japan was

the factory system

The British Calico Acts of 1701 and 1721

prohibited the importation of cotton cloth

The inventor of the flying shuttle was

John Kay

The invention of the flying shuttle

sped the weaving process and increased the demand for yarn

Which of the following is not a correct pairing of inventor and invention

Josiah Wedgewood and the "mule"

The growing demand for cotton cloth, in the 18th century threatened British

wool producers

James Watt invented a more efficient steam pump when

he copied and consolidated several important American inventions

Cheaper iron was produced after 1709 when British smelters began to use ____ as fuel


Henry Bessemer's innovation made it possible to produce cheaper


The first steam-powered locomotive was George Stephenson's

The Rocket

James Watt's steam engine did not adapt well to transportation uses because

it consumed too much coal

The Luddites

were craftsmen who destroyed textile machines

Interchangeable parts were invented by

Eli Whitney


often tore family apart

Holy Monday

the extra day that workers often took to lengthen their weekly break

The founder of New Lanark was


Marx and Engels proposed that capitalism divided people into two classes. The classes were

the capitalist and the proletariats

The author of the Manifest of the Communist Party was


Marx suggested that music, literature, and art

served the purposes of the capitalists because they diverted the workers from their misery

Marx referred to ______ as the "opiate of the masses"


Marx believed that the final result of the socialist revolution would be

a "disctatorship to the proletariat"

According to Marx all of human history had been a

class struggle

Which of the following was not a problem that plagued Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and south and SE Asia

both native and foreign finance interests adopted an anti-free trade policy

On a global scale, industrialization

promoted a new international vision of labor

A zaibatsu was

the Japanese equivalent of a trust

In Japan industrialization took place

with the active support of imperial authorities

By 1900 half of the world's oil was produced by


Count Sergei Witte was

the Russian finance minister who pushed for industrialization

Over the long haul, trade unions

reduced the likelihood of a revolution by improving the lives of the working people

The British government first began regulating hourse and conditions of work, especially for women and children in the

Factory Act of 1833

In the Mines Act of 1842, Parliament

prohibited underground employment for women

In the 1880's Otto van Bismarck

introduced medical insurance and unemployment compensation for German workers

Which of the following was not a cause of the Civil War in America

debate over the alliance with Britain

The victory of the northern states in the US Civil War

strengthened the power of the federal government

Simon Bolivar summed up the developing political situation in Latin America when he said

"I fear peace more than war."

The lines: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal," comes from the

"declaration of sentiments" of the Seneca Falls Convention

Adela Zamudio was the

Bolivian poet who wrote "To be Born a Man"

The nature of the American Civil War changed on January 1, 1863 when

Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation

The United States agreed to pay Mexico $_____ for Texas, California, and New Mexico

15 million

The term "manifest destiny" is associated with what country

United States

The words "a house divided itself cannot stand" were first spoken by

Abraham Lincoln

After the conclusion of the Civil War, freed blacks

quickly lost their political and civil liberties in the South

The leader of La Reforma in Mexico was

Benito Juarez

in 1908 the US ordered a complete halt to all migration from


The War of 1812

stimulated a new sense of Canadian unity against external threats

Italian immigrants who settled in Argentina but traveled back and forth to Europe were called


One of the chief reasons, the framers of the US constitution were opposed to abolishing slavery was because

their recognition of the sanctity of private property

In the new Latin American countires

the Creole elites dominated and blocked mass participation

Louis Riel was the leader of

the Northwest Rebellion

The Argentina president wrote a book in which stated that Buenos Aires and its European connection were necessary to discipline the unruly countryside was

Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

By the 1860's Britain's leading supplier of beef was


The great epic peom that expressed the life of the gaucho and lamented its decline was

The Gaucho Martin Fierro

The movement of the Cherokee Indians from the eastern woodlands to Oklahoma came to be known as the

Trail of Tears

The Mexican American War was settled by the Treaty of

Guadelupe Hidalgo

The main spark for the outbreak of the Mexican American War in 1845 was the United States admission of _______as a new state.


The last major Indian resistance in the US was defeated in 1890 at the Battle of

Wounded Knee

Most property qualification for voting in the US had disappeared by the late


Slavery was reinvigorated in the United States after the rise of _____ as a cash crop


In 1803 the US doubled in size after Louisiana was purchased from


Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were joined together at the Dominion of Canada

by the British North American Act of 1867

Which of the following is not one of the reasons for the northern victory in the Civil War

Union had better generals

Caudillos were

regional military leaders who provided order in Latin America

Before the revolutions in Latin America, the social structure was dominated by the


The last major Indian victory against the US came in 1876 at the Battle of

Little Big Horn

The prime minister of Canada was

John Macdonald

The leader of the Taiping Rebellion was

Hong Xiuqan

The most significant territorial loss for the Ottomans was


Mohammad Ali was

The Egyptian leader who overthrew Ottoman control

The capitulations were agreements between the western Europeans and the


Which of the following statement is not true about the capitulations?

they were imposed on the Europeans by Ottomans

In the early 19th century the Ottoman sultan, Selim III

was locked up by the Janissaries because they considered his reforms a threat

In 1826 Sultan _______ had mutinous Janissaries slaughtered and this opened door to further reform.

Mahmud II

The legal reforms of the Tanzimat era were influenced by the

French legal system

The Young Ottomans were

fiercely opposed to Tanzimat reforms

Sultan Abd al-Hamid II

ruled despotically but also followed Tanzimat principle

Which of the following was not one of the leading principles of the Young Turks?

Islam as the guiding principle in public life

Which of the following Young Turks proposals caused the empire the most dissension in the empire?

Turkish as the official language of th empire

Which of the following states was the least multiethnic and multicultural in the 19th century?


A defeat in the Crimean War stopped _______ expansion.


The key to social reform in Russia was

the emancipation of serfs

The Russian serfs were emancipated by

Alexander II

As part of the Russian reforms during the reign of Alexander II, the government created zemstovs

which were elected district assemblies

The prime mover behind Russian industrialization was

Sergei Witte

The centerpiece of Sergei Witte's Russian industrial policy was

a massive program of railway construction

The working conditions of the growing Russian industrial class in St. Petersburg and Moscow

were terrible and left the workers receptive to revolutionary propaganda

Tsar Alexander II was assassinated in 1881 by

an agent of the Land and Freedom party

After the assassination of Alexander II his successor Nicholas I

championed opposition and policy control

The deciding factor in the Russo-Japanese war was

the Japanese surprise attack on the Russian navy at Port Arthur

The 1905 Bloody Sunday massacre eventually

led to the establishment of Duma in Russia

Lin Zexu

was in charge of stopping the Opium trade in China

The decisive point in the Opium War was

the English threat to the Grand Canal

The Opium War ended with the signing of the Treay of


Which of the following was not a rebellion that threatened China in 19th century?


Which of the following was not one of the principle of the Taiping Rebellion?

Hong Xuiquan's belief that he was the reincarnation of Buddha

The Self Strengthening movement was an attempt to blend indigenous cultural traditions with western technology in


For the most of the last fifty years of the Qing dynasty, China was ruled by


By the end of the 19th century, the only thing keeping China from being completely divided up into spheres of influence by foreigners was

distrust among foreign powers

Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao were leaders of the

Hundred Day Reformers

In 1900 foreign embassies in China were beseiged by

The Hundred Days Reformers

Japan was forcibly opened to foreign trade in 1853 by the


The Meji reformers actively copied western Europeans and Americans because

they understood the danger of those two groups and wanted to find a way to survive

Which of the following leaders played a major role in the Meiji restorations

Ito Hirobumi

Which of the following was not one of the foundations of the Meiji restoration?

turning Japan into a constitutional republic

The event that best displayed Japan's rise to the level of a world power was their victory in the

Russo-Japanese War

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