106 terms

Chapter 30-32

The Industrial Revolution began in
Great Britain
Crucial to Industrialization was
the replacement of human and animal power with inanimate sources of energy such as steam
By the conclusion of the 19th century, the dominant form of industrial organization in Europe, the United States, and Japan was
the factory system
The British Calico Acts of 1701 and 1721
prohibited the importation of cotton cloth
The inventor of the flying shuttle was
John Kay
The invention of the flying shuttle
sped the weaving process and increased the demand for yarn
Which of the following is not a correct pairing of inventor and invention
Josiah Wedgewood and the "mule"
The growing demand for cotton cloth, in the 18th century threatened British
wool producers
James Watt invented a more efficient steam pump when
he copied and consolidated several important American inventions
Cheaper iron was produced after 1709 when British smelters began to use ____ as fuel
Henry Bessemer's innovation made it possible to produce cheaper
The first steam-powered locomotive was George Stephenson's
The Rocket
James Watt's steam engine did not adapt well to transportation uses because
it consumed too much coal
The Luddites
were craftsmen who destroyed textile machines
Interchangeable parts were invented by
Eli Whitney
often tore family apart
Holy Monday
the extra day that workers often took to lengthen their weekly break
The founder of New Lanark was
Marx and Engels proposed that capitalism divided people into two classes. The classes were
the capitalist and the proletariats
The author of the Manifest of the Communist Party was
Marx suggested that music, literature, and art
served the purposes of the capitalists because they diverted the workers from their misery
Marx referred to ______ as the "opiate of the masses"
Marx believed that the final result of the socialist revolution would be
a "disctatorship to the proletariat"
According to Marx all of human history had been a
class struggle
Which of the following was not a problem that plagued Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and south and SE Asia
both native and foreign finance interests adopted an anti-free trade policy
On a global scale, industrialization
promoted a new international vision of labor
A zaibatsu was
the Japanese equivalent of a trust
In Japan industrialization took place
with the active support of imperial authorities
By 1900 half of the world's oil was produced by
Count Sergei Witte was
the Russian finance minister who pushed for industrialization
Over the long haul, trade unions
reduced the likelihood of a revolution by improving the lives of the working people
The British government first began regulating hourse and conditions of work, especially for women and children in the
Factory Act of 1833
In the Mines Act of 1842, Parliament
prohibited underground employment for women
In the 1880's Otto van Bismarck
introduced medical insurance and unemployment compensation for German workers
Which of the following was not a cause of the Civil War in America
debate over the alliance with Britain
The victory of the northern states in the US Civil War
strengthened the power of the federal government
Simon Bolivar summed up the developing political situation in Latin America when he said
"I fear peace more than war."
The lines: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal," comes from the
"declaration of sentiments" of the Seneca Falls Convention
Adela Zamudio was the
Bolivian poet who wrote "To be Born a Man"
The nature of the American Civil War changed on January 1, 1863 when
Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation
The United States agreed to pay Mexico $_____ for Texas, California, and New Mexico
15 million
The term "manifest destiny" is associated with what country
United States
The words "a house divided itself cannot stand" were first spoken by
Abraham Lincoln
After the conclusion of the Civil War, freed blacks
quickly lost their political and civil liberties in the South
The leader of La Reforma in Mexico was
Benito Juarez
in 1908 the US ordered a complete halt to all migration from
The War of 1812
stimulated a new sense of Canadian unity against external threats
Italian immigrants who settled in Argentina but traveled back and forth to Europe were called
One of the chief reasons, the framers of the US constitution were opposed to abolishing slavery was because
their recognition of the sanctity of private property
In the new Latin American countires
the Creole elites dominated and blocked mass participation
Louis Riel was the leader of
the Northwest Rebellion
The Argentina president wrote a book in which stated that Buenos Aires and its European connection were necessary to discipline the unruly countryside was
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
By the 1860's Britain's leading supplier of beef was
The great epic peom that expressed the life of the gaucho and lamented its decline was
The Gaucho Martin Fierro
The movement of the Cherokee Indians from the eastern woodlands to Oklahoma came to be known as the
Trail of Tears
The Mexican American War was settled by the Treaty of
Guadelupe Hidalgo
The main spark for the outbreak of the Mexican American War in 1845 was the United States admission of _______as a new state.
The last major Indian resistance in the US was defeated in 1890 at the Battle of
Wounded Knee
Most property qualification for voting in the US had disappeared by the late
Slavery was reinvigorated in the United States after the rise of _____ as a cash crop
In 1803 the US doubled in size after Louisiana was purchased from
Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were joined together at the Dominion of Canada
by the British North American Act of 1867
Which of the following is not one of the reasons for the northern victory in the Civil War
Union had better generals
Caudillos were
regional military leaders who provided order in Latin America
Before the revolutions in Latin America, the social structure was dominated by the
The last major Indian victory against the US came in 1876 at the Battle of
Little Big Horn
The prime minister of Canada was
John Macdonald
The leader of the Taiping Rebellion was
Hong Xiuqan
The most significant territorial loss for the Ottomans was
Mohammad Ali was
The Egyptian leader who overthrew Ottoman control
The capitulations were agreements between the western Europeans and the
Which of the following statement is not true about the capitulations?
they were imposed on the Europeans by Ottomans
In the early 19th century the Ottoman sultan, Selim III
was locked up by the Janissaries because they considered his reforms a threat
In 1826 Sultan _______ had mutinous Janissaries slaughtered and this opened door to further reform.
Mahmud II
The legal reforms of the Tanzimat era were influenced by the
French legal system
The Young Ottomans were
fiercely opposed to Tanzimat reforms
Sultan Abd al-Hamid II
ruled despotically but also followed Tanzimat principle
Which of the following was not one of the leading principles of the Young Turks?
Islam as the guiding principle in public life
Which of the following Young Turks proposals caused the empire the most dissension in the empire?
Turkish as the official language of th empire
Which of the following states was the least multiethnic and multicultural in the 19th century?
A defeat in the Crimean War stopped _______ expansion.
The key to social reform in Russia was
the emancipation of serfs
The Russian serfs were emancipated by
Alexander II
As part of the Russian reforms during the reign of Alexander II, the government created zemstovs
which were elected district assemblies
The prime mover behind Russian industrialization was
Sergei Witte
The centerpiece of Sergei Witte's Russian industrial policy was
a massive program of railway construction
The working conditions of the growing Russian industrial class in St. Petersburg and Moscow
were terrible and left the workers receptive to revolutionary propaganda
Tsar Alexander II was assassinated in 1881 by
an agent of the Land and Freedom party
After the assassination of Alexander II his successor Nicholas I
championed opposition and policy control
The deciding factor in the Russo-Japanese war was
the Japanese surprise attack on the Russian navy at Port Arthur
The 1905 Bloody Sunday massacre eventually
led to the establishment of Duma in Russia
Lin Zexu
was in charge of stopping the Opium trade in China
The decisive point in the Opium War was
the English threat to the Grand Canal
The Opium War ended with the signing of the Treay of
Which of the following was not a rebellion that threatened China in 19th century?
Which of the following was not one of the principle of the Taiping Rebellion?
Hong Xuiquan's belief that he was the reincarnation of Buddha
The Self Strengthening movement was an attempt to blend indigenous cultural traditions with western technology in
For the most of the last fifty years of the Qing dynasty, China was ruled by
By the end of the 19th century, the only thing keeping China from being completely divided up into spheres of influence by foreigners was
distrust among foreign powers
Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao were leaders of the
Hundred Day Reformers
In 1900 foreign embassies in China were beseiged by
The Hundred Days Reformers
Japan was forcibly opened to foreign trade in 1853 by the
The Meji reformers actively copied western Europeans and Americans because
they understood the danger of those two groups and wanted to find a way to survive
Which of the following leaders played a major role in the Meiji restorations
Ito Hirobumi
Which of the following was not one of the foundations of the Meiji restoration?
turning Japan into a constitutional republic
The event that best displayed Japan's rise to the level of a world power was their victory in the
Russo-Japanese War