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American Revolution Review

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George Washington
commander in chief of the Continental Army, also served as a representative to the Continental congress
Nathan Hale
captain in the Continental army
Thomas Paine
radical writer, published Common Sense
Henry Knox
joined the Continental Army at age 21 and later served under General George Washington
Benedict Arnold
apprentice at apothecary business, enlisted in the militia to fight in the French and Indian War
Charles Cornwallis
led British general and commander of the British army at the battle of Yorktown in 1781; after the defeat of the Britain army he was forced to surrender to the Americans, ending the revolution
Paul Revere
famous for his "midnight ride" when he sounded the alarm that British forces were moving against American colonists
John Adams
he was a delegate to the Continental Congress, served as a diplomat in Europe and helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris
Thomas Jefferson
considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America for the central role he played in drafting the Declaration of Independence
Ben Franklin
part of the five-member committee that helped draft the Declaration of Independence
Crispus Attucks
the first person killed in the Boston massacre
Banastre Tarleton
most feared British officer in the Revolutionary War
Friedrich von Steuben
a Prussian military officer; trained soldiers at Valley Forge
Ethan Allen
led the Green Mountain Boys to capture Fort Ticonderoga from the British in 1775
Sons of Liberty
formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight taxation by the British government
William Franklin
new jersey royal governor; son of Benjamin Franklin; he remained loyal to the British while his dad wanted independence; drove a stake between their relationship
Marquis de Lafayette
a French aristocrat who joined the American Revolutionary War at his own request, becoming one of America's most successful leaders in combat and General George Washington's most loyal companion
Molly Pitcher
she carried pitchers of water to soldiers
Battle of Lexington and Concord
"the shot heard 'round the world"; the first shots of the Revolutionary War; the British planned to do a surprise attack on the colonists and take their gunpowder and arrest Hancock and Adams, but there were minutemen waiting in Lexington, but they were outnumbered. the British moved onto concord ; where there were hundreds of minutemen waiting.
Battle of Bunker Hill
first major battle of the Revolutionary War; the colonists were short of ammunition so they were ordered to wait until the enemy was a few yards away to fire; on the 3rd day the colonists retreated to ______ (where the battle gets its name). British won but it gave the colonists confidence in their ability to fight
Battle of Trenton
George Washington crossed the Delaware River the previous night to surprise the Hessians soldiers, the hessians were captured by the Americans
Battle of Monmouth
longest battle of the American Revolution; the British slipped undetected from Washington's army; no clear winner
Battle of Saratoga
turning point of the Revolutionary war; it convinced France to support the American cause
Battle of Yorktown
Washington ordered French fleets to establish a blockade in Chesapeake Bay that would prevent British ships from rescuing Cornwallis's men; Cornwallis surrendered on October 19, 1781
Where did the Revolution begin?
Battle of Lexington and Concord
Was the battle of Bunker Hill a victory or a defeat for the Americans?
Defeat
What city was home to the largest British force?
Boston
Why was NJ known as "The Crossroads of the Revolution?"
It held a key geographical center of the new nation
What was the Crisis and how did it contribute to the war?
...
Why did troops have to march so closely to shoot in battle?
Weapons were old and unreliable
What one weapon did the British have a monopoly on early in the war?
Bayonet
Why was Saratoga considered a turning point in the war?
The French came in the war
What was the largest battle fought in the Northern Theater of the war?
Battle of Saratoga
What was considered the "Key to the Continent"?
West Point
Why did the British decide to move its campaign to the South in 1780?
the British military saw the south as loyalists
Why was Banastre Tarleton so hated by American soldiers?
He was an aggressive and ruthless commander
Why was Cornwallis trapped in Yorktown, VA
French and American soldiers forced him to surrender
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