Medical Terminology Ch 7 Respiratory System
air sacs; very small grapelike clusters at the end of each bronchial
the absence of oxygen from the body's tissues or organs despite adequate flow of blood
medication administered to prevent or relieve coughing
the loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sound
the form of pneumonoconiosis caused by asbestosis particles in lungs
the loss of consciousness that occurs when the body cant get the oxygen it needs to function
a chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes
incomplete expansion of part or all of the lung
an abnormally slow rate or respiration
a medication that relaxes and expands the bronchial passages into the lungs
an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi
the visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope
a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut
an irregular pattern of breathing characterized by alternating rapid or shallow respiration followed by slow respiration or apnea
an acute respiratory infection in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and swelling around the vocal cords
bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by lack of adequate oxygen
a life threatening genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with mucous
an acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract
difficulty in speaking
difficult or labored breathing
a contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by recurrent bouts of a paroxysmal cough
inflammation of the pharynx
thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passages
inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath
pain in the pleura or in the side
any fibrosis of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs after prolonged environmental or occupational contact
the surgical removal of all or part of a lung
a serious infection or inflammation of the lungs in which the alveoli and air passages fill with pus and other liquid
the accumulation of air in the pleural space resulting in a pressure inbalance that causes the lung to rully or partially collapse
the diagnostic measurement of physiological activity during sleep
a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the lungs and associated tissues
an external monitor that measures the oxygen saturation level in the blood
the presence of pus in the pleural cavity between the layers of pleural membrane
an inflammation of the sinuses
a potentionally serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops during sleep for long enough periods to cause a measurable decrease in blood oxygen levels
a recording device that measures the amount of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of time required for each breath
an abnormally rapid rate or respiration usually of more than 20 breaths
the surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity.
a surgical incision into the chest walls to open the pleural cavity for biopsy or treatment
the surgical creation of a stoma into the trachea in order to insert a tube to facilitate breathing
an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage
an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually attacks the lungs
The progress, long-term loss of lung function, usually due to smoking.
An accumulation of pus in a body cavity.
The passage of a tube through the mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway.
Bleeding from the nose.
Expectoration of blood or bloodstained sputum.
A collection of blood in the pleural cavity.
The abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Breathing that is deeper and more rapid than is normal at rest.
Shallow or slow respiration.
A condition of having low oxygen levels in the blood.
The condition of having deficient oxygen levels in the body tissues and organs; less severe than anoxia.
The surgical removal of the larynx.
Inflammation of the larynx,
The visual examination of the larynx and the vocal cords using a laryngoscope.
The sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx.
The middle section of the chest cavity and is located between the lungs.
An electronic device that pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a mist that is inhaled via a face mask or mouth piece.
Also known as the ENT (ear, nose, throat) is a physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the head neck.