Sociology Chapter 4-6
Terms in this set (49)
Why is nature versus nurture called a false debate?
D. Culture or Nurture directs social behavior that is influenced by biological factors.
The process of social interaction that teaches a child the intellectual, physical, and social skills needed to function as a member of society is called
Inherited Units of biological material are called:
Patterns of behavior and ways of thinking and feeling that are distinctive for each individual constitute the individual's:
Adult socialization differs form primary socialization in that adults:
C. often have more control over how they wish to be socialized
A. Biological principles to explain the behavior of all social beings.
As a result of Jean-Marc Itard's treatment program, the wild boy from Averyon:
D. learned to wear clothes and write a few simple words, but developed no human relationships.
Cases of isolate children like Anna indicate:
E. The importance of interaction of interaction for normal human development.
In his experiments with monkeys raised in isolation, Harry Harlow found that these monkeys:
B. Preferred a soft cloth imitation mother with no food over a hard wire "mother" with food.
The self in social interaction in workplace subcultures experiences:
Why are infants and young children raised in institutions slow to develop?
B. They lack culture.
An inability to trust people and form relationships with others is known as:
c. Attachment disorder
Which of the following is needed by human infants in they are to grow and develop normally?
E. all of the above
The identity obtained by occupying culturally and socially defined positions is called a:
C. Social identity
The changing yet enduring personal identity is called the:
Which of the following is part of the concept of self?
E. All of the above
The concept of self:
D. Includes the ability to organize one's knowledge and beliefs.
When young boys saw that a program or movie had a parental advisory on it, the effect was:
B. To make the program or movie more attractive to them.
Why isn't family socialization a predictable, universally documented experience?
B. Families exist in subcultures in the large society; children live in different worlds.
Observers argue that media plays a socializing role on children that emphasize:
B. Positively valuing violence to solve problems in a hostile world.
A society's shared view of right and wrong is called its:
A. Moral order
Stephen Jay Gould challenged the equation of equation of behavior with genetic biology: looking at altruistic behavior, he saw:
How people adopt adaptive cultural traits in social and material environments.
which researcher suggested that not every person is capable of thinking about morality in the same way?
Which of the following is NOT one of the components of Cooley's looking-glass self?
A. our imagination of what we must really be like.
Cooley's theory that we see ourselves as others see us is called:
D. The looking-glass self
One of Charles Horton Cooley's principal contributions to sociology was his idea that:
A. How we believe other will react to us is important in determining our behavior.
According to Freud, the ___________ is the internal censor or conscience that represents society's norms ans values as learned primarily from our parents.
How dose Erik Erikson's view of individual development differ from that of Freud?
E. all of the above
When someone loses his or her job, this also means the loss of:
C. A social identity many people find central to self-esteem.
John was past retirement, almost 80, when he discovered that people were defining him as a senior citizen. This role required John to:
B. Adjust to the social identity given to him by society.
Authorities rescue a young woman aged 14, raised in a cage by foster parents who rarely interacted with her. She cannot speak a language or behave in a socially acceptable way. The rescued girl lacks:
E. Primary socialization
One of the reasons peer groups are so powerful in individuals' lives is:
D. peers are social equals, and we interact in peer groups throughout our lives.
Loss of status as an elderly person shows us how society:
A. shapes social identity outside the choices or control of individuals.
Cults teach their members ans alternative world, with pressure to conform to new group norms. This is called:
A. Conversion therapy
Sociologists describe the process of two or more people taking each other's actions into account as:
B. Social interaction
In order to understand other people, you have to "walk in their shoes." This approach reflects Max Weber's notion of:
The study of the sets of rules or guidelines that individuals use to imitate behavior, respond to behavior, and modify behavior in social settings is known as:
In sociological terms, the context of a social interaction includes:
E. all of the above
E. all of the above
Staring,smiling,nodding ones's head, and using hands while talking are all examples of:
A. Nonverbal communication
C. Varies from culture to culture
A form of conflict in which individuals or groups confine their conflict within agreed-upon rules is known as:
The essential difference between conflict and competition is that
A. competition is regulated by agreed-upon rules.
Two large companies compete for the same scarce resource. Each one tries to injure or sabotage the other. This interaction is called:
The status the seems to dominate others in patterning a person's life is known as the:
B. Master status
Which of the following is an ascribe status?
All the roles attached to a single status are collectively known as:
E. A role set
The relationship between roles and statuses is that:
A. A status may include a number of roles.
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