66 terms

Crime and punishment

STUDY
PLAY
commit a crime
to do sth illegal
to be caught red-handed
caught in the act of doing something wrong
take sb to court
To sue sb
something is against the law
illegal
to be under arrest
to be in police custody
to be off duty
not working at one's job
to be held hostage
to be kept as a hostage
to be set free...
on bail / on parole / on probation
to bail sb out
to free someone who has been arrested and would otherwise remain in jail until the trial by providing an amount of money.
to be acquitted of a crime
to be declared not guilty of a crime
to be charged with a crime
to be accused of committing a certain crime
murder
Killing sb intentionally
theft
Stealing something from sb
burglary
Breaking into a house
kidnapping
Taking sb against their will
mugging
Stealing in a public place using physical violence
arson
Setting fire to property
smuggling
Bringing illegal stuff into a country
hijacking
Taking a plane by force
shoplifting
Stealing things from a shop
pickpocketing
Stealing things from people's pockets
drug dealing
Selling drugs illegally
blackmailing
Threatening to tell secret info unless sb gives you money or does what you want
assassination
Killing sb for political reasons
rape
Sexually abusing sb
lawyer
a person who is trained and qualified to advise people about the law and to represent them in court, and to write legal documents.
jury
a group of members of the public in the court who listen to the facts of the case and decide whether or not somebody is guilty of a crime.
judge
the one who has the authority to decide how criminals should be punished or to make legal decisions.
suspect
the person who is suspected of a crime
the prosecutor
a public official who brings criminal charges against the suspect.
the prosecution
the person or organization that prosecutes somebody in court, together with the lawyers, etc.
defense
the lawyer or lawyers whose job is to prove in court that a person did not commit a crime.
defendant
The person in a trial who is accused of committing a crime, or who is being sued by another person
attorney for the defense
the lawyer representing the defendant in a lawsuit or criminal prosecution.
plaintiff
the person who makes a formal complaint against somebody in court.
first degree murder
killing sb intentionally
second murder degree
killing sb unintentionally
spy
sb who tries to get secret information about another country, organization or person
witness
sb who sees sth happen and is able to describe it to other people
forger
sb who makes false copies (IDs, money)
swindler
sb who steals by means of fraud
hit-and-run killer
a driver who kills and doesn't stop to help
terrorist
sb who takes part in terrorism
hostage
sb who is captured and held prisoner by a person or group
accomplice
sb who helps another to commit a crime or to do sth wrong
bribery
offering sth (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage
malpractice
careless, wrong or illegal behaviour while in a professional job
ransom
money demanded for ht return of a captured person
bail
Money that sb agrees to pay if a person accused of a crime does not appear at their trial.
embezzlement
The act of stealing money that you are responsible for or that belongs to your employer
tort
Sth wrong that somebody does to sb else that is not criminal, but that can lead to action in a civil court.
misdemeanor
a crime that is not considered to be very serious. (speeding, driving without a license)
felony
a serious crime (murder, rape)
handcuffs
A pair of metal rings joined by a chain, used for holding the wrists of a prisoner together
fingerprints
A mark made by the pattern of lines on the tip of a person's fingers
exhibits
A thing that is used in court to prove that somebody is guilty or not guilty
evidence
The facts, signs or objects that make you believe that something is true
hearing
A meeting of a court of law or official organization to find out the facts about sth
trial
A formal examination of evidence in court by a judge and often a jury, to decide if somebody accused of a crime is guilty or not
lawsuit
a claim or complaint against somebody that a person or an organization can make in court.
sentence
the punishment given by a court.
verdict
A decision that is made by a jury in court, stating if somebody is considered guilty of a crime or not.
judgement
A decision that is made by a judge in a court of law.
life imprisonment
the punishment of being put in prison until death
dealth penalty
the legal punishment of death for a crime
acquit
to decide officially in a law court that someone is not guilty of a particular crime:
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.