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Expanding Nation Vocabulary 2013
After completing Expanding Nation Vocabulary on paper, I'm putting it on quizlet for extra credit.
Terms in this set (27)
A person who strongly favors doing away with slavery.
To give up by treaty.
Refusal to obey laws that are considered unjust as a nonviolent way to press for changes.
A machine that removed seeds from cotton fiber.
Horace Mann led the movements to establish free, state, and financed elementary schools.
Election of 1824
The candidates were John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and William Crawford. Jackson won the popular vote, but no one won the electoral vote so the House of Representatives would decide. Henry Clay persuaded the representatives to vote for Adams. Adams, in turn, appointed Clay Secretary of State. Jackson was cheated out of the presidency and referred to this as the "corrupt begin".
People who went to California during the Gold Rush of 1849.
A period from 1848 to 1856 when thousands of people came to California in order to search for gold; A large scale migration of people to a territory hastily to a region where gold has been found/discovered, as to California in 1849.
Uniform pieces that can be made in large quantities to replace other identical pieces.
Indian Removal Act
Passed in 1830, authorized Andrew Jackson to negotiate land-exchange treaties with tribes living east of the Mississippi. The treaties enacted under this act's provisions paved the way for the reluctant—and often forcible—emigration of tens of thousands of American Indians to the West; This act allowed the federal government to pay Native Americans to move west.
The rapid industrial growth that began in England during the middle of the eighteenth century and then spread over the next 50 years to many other countries, including the United States. The revolution depended on devices such as the steam engine which were invented at a rapidly increasing rate during the period. The Industrial Revolution brought on a rapid concentration of people in cities and changed the nature of work for many people.
A time when Jackson became involved in the political process and democracy steadily improved over the Election of 1824, The Election of 1828, and Jacksons' terms of president. This term describes the spirit of the age led by Andrew Jackson. During this period, more offices became elective, voter restrictions were reduced or eliminated, and popular participation in politics increased. The Democratic Part, led by Jackson, appealed to the new body of voters by stressing the belief in rotation in office, economy in government, governmental response to popular demands and decentralization of power.
The idea popular in the United States during the 1800s that the country must extend its boundaries to the Pacific.
Mexican War (1846-1848)
Conflict between the US and Mexico that after the US annexation of Texas, which Mexico still considered its own. As victor, the US aqcuired vast new territories from Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; An armed conflict between the US and Mexico from 1846 to 1848 in the wake of the 1845 us annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory despite the 1836 Texas Revolution, also the boundary dispute. The United States said it was the Rio Grande, but Mexico said it was the Nueces River. In the end, the US won and The Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo was signed, stating that Mexico had to recognize the Rio Grande as the boundary, and give almost half of its land to the USA.
Southerners favored freedom of trade and believed in the authority of states over the federal government. Southerners declared federal protective tariffs null and void; A sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. This ordinance declared by the power of the State that the federal tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and therefore, null and void within sovereign boundaries of South Carolina.
To cancel or make ineffective.
Dispute settled when a line was drawn at 49 degrees - the future border between British Columbia and Washington; Arose as a result of competing British and American claims to the Pacific Northwest of North America in the first half of the 19th century.
A tax on imports to encourage people to buy American products. This tariff would protect American industry from foreign competition.
Second Great Awakening
A wave of religious fever from the early 1800s. Revivals; People came from miles around to hear eloquent preaches and pray, sing, weep, and shout. Often, men and women would be eager to reform lives and the world. It also increased church membership, and inspired people to become involved in missionary work and social reform movements.
Loyalty to a region.
Practice of handing out government jobs to supporters; replacing government employees with the winning candidate's supporters.
Rights and powers independent of the federal government that are reserved for the states by the Constitution; the belief the states' rights supersede federal rights and law.
The right to vote.
The use of little or no alcoholic drink.
Trail of Tears
The route along which the US government forced several tribes of Native Americans including the Cherokees, Seminoles, Chickasaws, Choctaws, and Creeks, to migrate to reservations west of the Mississippi River in the 1820s, 30s, and 40s.Those on the march suffered greatly from disease and mistreatment.
A system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North.
End to all laws that discriminated against women.
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