Life Science Review
Terms in this set (57)
What gives plant cells a rigid box-like shape?
Rank the following terms from simple to complex: cells, organelles, organs, tissue, organism.
Organelles, cells, tissue, organ, organism
Chloroplasts are found only in ______________.
The Modern Cell Theory states that all cells come from
Other existing cells
These cells contain a membrane-bound nucleus.
The organelle responsible for storing water in the plant cell is the____.
This organelle stores the cell's DNA
The cell membrane is composed of
A phospholipid bilayer
The ____________ acts as a packaging and processing center in the cell to process proteins
Which of the following is the energy supplier for the cell; this organelle contains its own DNA?
What is the function of the Endoplasmic Reticulum?
Synthesis of proteins, synthesis of lipids, protein transport
Which technology was important to the development of cell theory?
The ______ separates the contents of the cell from the surrounding environment.
The information center of the cell is the ______.
______ are the basic units of structure and function in living things.
All living things are made of _____
What is the correct order of the cell cycle?
Interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis
What is the purpose of mitosis?
To produce new cells for growth and repair that are identical to the parent cell
What is the purpose of meiosis?
Produce reproductive (sex) cells
__________ organisms are made of only one cell.
__________ organisms are made of more than one cell.
Multicellular organisms exhibit......
Complexity, a hierarchy of cellular organization, and division of labor
The passive transport of water molecules across a cell membrane:
The passive transport of substances other than water across a cell membrane:
Cell membranes that are _______ only allow certain molecules to cross into and out of the cell.
This molecule has the shape of a double helix
Example of a unicellular organism
Example of a multicellular organism
Animals, plants, fungi
What are the components of a DNA molecule?
Nitrogenous bases, sugars, phosphates
What are chromosomes?
Strands of tightly wound DNA
What is a gene?
carries the code for a particular trait
T/F: Traits are expressed through genes which can be inherited
T/F: A brain injury can be inherited through genes.
Using x-rays, this scientist played a crucial role in discovering the structure of DNA
Discovered the double helix structure of DNA and it's ability to replicate
Watson & Crick
This scientist is known as the "Father of Genetics"
Light energy --> chemical energy
What is the correct order of the levels of classification?
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
What is the product of photosynthesis?
What are the three domains within the current classification system?
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
Simple, single-celled organisms that are able to survive in extreme environments.
T/F: The 4 different kingdoms within the Eukarya domain are: Bacteria, Fungi, Plants, & Animals
A group of similar-looking organisms that can interbreed under natural conditions and whose offspring is capable of reproduction; the basic unit of biological classification and taxonomic rank
What are the four important plant groups?
Mosses, ferns, conifers, and flowering plants
Which scientific name is written in the correct form according to binomial nomenclature?
Giardia lamblia in cursive or italic writing. The Genus name (Giardia) is capitalized and the species name (lamblia) is lowercase
Which organism(s) in this food web are producers?
Which organism(s) in this food web are consumers?
hawk, snake, rabbit, mouse
There is a lion and a cheetah chasing after the same gazelle. What is this an example of?
The mechanisms through which evolution takes place in populations of organisms over time are?
Mutation, Natural Selection, Adaptation, Extinction
Why is a mutation considered an inheritable change?
A mutation is a change in the DNA code
What are structures, functions, or behaviors that enable a species to survive?
The survival & reproduction of individuals in a population that exhibit the best adaptations?
What support may be used to as evidence for evolution?
Radiometric dating, fossil record
T/F: Mutations are always bad.
T/F: Variations in an environment will sometimes help a species survive and reproduce.
Who was given credit for the theory of evolution after his trip to the Galapagos islands?
This man discovered the cell when looking at cork under a microscope
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