10 terms

38-2 process of digestion

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amylase
enzyme in saliva that breaks the chemical bonds between the sugar monomers in starches
esophagus
food tubing connecting the mouth to the stomach
peristalsis
rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through the esophagus into the stomach
stomach
large muscular sac that continues the mechanical and chemical digestion of food
chyme
mixture of stomach fluids and foods produced in the stomach by contracting stomach muscles
small intestine
digestive organs in which most chemical digestions take place
pancreas
gland that produces hormones that regulate blood sugar; produces enzymes that break down carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids
liver
large organ just above the stomach that produces bile, a fluid loaded with lipids and salts
villus
folded projection that increases the surface area of the walls of the small intestine
large intestine
colon; organ that removes water from undigested materials that pass through it.