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26 terms

Geography of Africa

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Sahara desert
the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa
Nile river
The world's longest river, which flows northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea
Kalahari desert
a great desert located in the southern part of Africa
Congo rainforest
the worlds second largest tropical forest
Tom Claytor's animal work
herded elephants in Botwana, worked to save a rhino in Zimbabwe, and visited chimpanzees in an orphanage in Burundi.
Victoria Falls
Tom Claytor saw clouds of mist and rainbows while flying over this waterfall in east Africa.
Africa's size
contains 1/5 or 20% of all the land in the world
North Region of Africa
contains world's largest desert, the Sahara
East Region of Africa
contains Africa's largest mountain, Mt. Kilamanjaro and the Great Rift Valley
Central Region of Africa
contains Victoria Falls and the Congo rainforest
Southern Region of Africa
contains the Kalahari and Namib deserts.
Major Rivers of Africa
Nile, Congo, Niger, and Zambezi rivers
Climate of Africa
climate is affected by proximity to the EQUATOR and ELEVATION above sea level
Climates Types in Africa
desert, savanna, rain forest, Mediterranean
Nomads of Africa
herd livestock and work as traders
Cash Crops of Africa
coffee, tea, cacao
Mining in Africa
although Africa is rich in natural resources they don't help local populations because foreign companies own mines and pay low wages.
Subsistence farming
when farmers raise crops to support their families and not to sell
Cash Crops
crops raised for farmers to sell for a profit like coffee, tea, and cacao.
nomad
a person who moves from place to place to make a living
elevation
height above sea level
silt
fertile soil made of tiny rocks and soil left by a river that is good for farming
rift
a deep trench that cuts into the Earth
plateau
high areas of flat land
Rhino problem
Rhinos in Africa are killed for their ivory horns. Some National parks in Africa cut off the horns in order to protect Rhinos from poachers.
Chimpanzee problem
Chimpanzees in Africa are captured by poachers to be sold as pets. When saved these animals cannot be returned to the wild because wild chimps will no longer accept them so must live out their lives in man-made animal reserves.