World History 1 Chapter 5
This is a combination of all the sets, so there are some repeats.
Terms in this set (96)
tell the deeds of great heroes
first Greek state flourished between 1600 - 1100 BC
tells about the Trojan War
tells about the journeys of one man after the fall of Troy
landform on which Greece sits which is about the size of Louisiana
wrote about heroism and honor
Agamemnon led the Mycenanean Greeks against the city of Troy c. 1250 BC
the ancient Mycenaeans
warrior people who prided themselves on their heroic deeds in battle
the Greeks used Homer as a basis for Greek education
the epics, considered true history, taught courage and honor to Greek males
the mountains played a significant role in the development of Greek history
they isolated the people causing communities to develop their own ways of life and very willing to fight one another to gain advantage
the sea played a significant role in the development of Greek history
long seacoast provided many harbors for the Greeks to become seafarers and establish colonies through the Mediterranean
the center of Greek life; a town, city, or village
place of refuge and religious center
open place for assembly and religious center
Greek foot soldiers
Greek city-state that was rigid, very controlled, militaristic, and where new ideas were discouraged
unit of soldiers in shoulder-to-shoulder rectangular formation
rule by the many
rule by the few
Athenian rulers who served on a board of nine
group of Spartan men responsible for education and conduct of the citizens
unified polis which eventually became a democracy
first ruler in Athens to make reforms; cancelled land debts and freed people from slavery
aristocrat who seized the power of Athens
reformer who created the council of five hundred and created the foundations for democracy
empire which invaded Greece under King Darius
Battle of Marathon
Greek army wins over the Persians and proves that Persia could be beaten
Greek soldier who ran the distance from Marathon to Athens to announce Greek victory over the Persians
footrace of twenty-six miles
Persian emperor after Darius who vowed revenge on Greece
Athenian leader who met Xerxes in the battle of Thermopylae
Battle of Thermopylae
Greek city-states united to stop the Persians; Persians advanced through a narrow mountain pass and were met by 300 Spartans; a traitor told the Persians of another way through the mountains to bypass the Greeks and get to Athens; the Spartans refused to surrender and fought till they were all killed
Battle of Salamis
After Thermopylae, the outnumbered Greek navy met the Persian navy and won the battle anyway
Final battle in the Persian Wars. Greeks forced the Persians to retreat to Asia Minor.
an Athenian defensive alliance formed to protect against Persian attack
Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athen's political and cultural supremacy in Greece
Age of Pericles
a period of classical Athenian and Greek history in which Athens reached its highest power; democratic system began
Great Peloponnesian War
Pericles dies during this event
Athenian practice of naming someone considered harmful to the city
Great Peloponnesian War
long civil war between Athens and Sparta in which ; resulted in the decline of the Greek city-state system
Last great battle of the Peloponnesian War where the Athenian fleet was destroyed
Athenian harbor which was located seven miles from Athens and was enclosed by "Long Walls"
thought to be the habitation of the gods and goddesses
chief god and father of the gods
goddess of wisdom and crafts
god of the sun and poetry
goddess of love
god of the seas and earthquakes; brother of Zeus
sacred shrine dedicated to a god or goddess
a set of three plays
organized system of thought
method of teaching that uses question-and-answer format
author of Greek tragedy; wrote Antigone
Greek philosopher who wrote The Republic; established the Schola in Athens
Greek philosopher who had a wide range of interests; wrote Politics; favored constitutional government as best for most people
master storyteller and traveler who wrote the History of the Persian Wars
Athenian general who was the greatest historian of the ancient world; wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War
Doric, Ionic, Corinthian
types of architectural columns
based on the ideals of reason, moderation, balance, harmony
thick, fluted column with a simple capital
slender column with spiral-shaped capital
column with detailed capital modeled after acanthus leaves
Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides
wrote Greek tragedy
wrote Greek comedy
Macedonian king who gained control of Greece
Alexander the Great
great military leader who invaded Persia, Pakistan, and India and spread Greek language, art, architecture, and literature throughout the Middle East
age created by Alexander when Greek language and ideas expanded into the non-Greek world
determined the circumference of the earth during the Hellenistic era
mathematician who wrote the plane geometry text, the Elements
Hellenistic practical inventor known for his work on geometry, pi, inventions, and specific gravity
philosophy that believes self-interest was the basic motivator
popular Hellenistic philosophy which believed that happiness is only found in living in harmony with the will of God and bearing whatever life offered
Macedonia, Syria, Pergamum, Egypt
Hellenistic kingdoms formed from Alexander's conquests after his death
great Egyptian center for artists and scientists; center of the largest library
Some Greek city-states were committed to government by the many, a ______.
Some Greek city-states were committed to the government of _______, which means rule by the few.
The upper fortified part of a city, the ______, served as a place of refuge during an attack.
______ were a heavily armed military order of infantrymen or foot soldiers.
Marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation was known as a ______.
The central focus of ancient Greek life was known as the ______.
Athenians devised the practice of ______ to protect themselves against overly ambitious politicians.
In order to know the will of the gods the Greeks consulted an ______, a sacred shrine dedicated to a god or goddess who revealed the future.
According to the Greek philosophy of ______, human beings are free to follow self-interest as a basic motivating force.
Greek citizens assembled in an open areas called an ______, that also served as a market.
______ is a Greek word that means "love of wisdom."
Greek tragedies were presented in a ______, a set of three plays.
Aristocrats in Athens controlled political life, in part, by a board of nine rulers, or ______.
Deeds of great heroes in Greece were told in ______.
The ______ uses a question and answer format that trains pupils to see things for themselves by using their own reasoning.
______ was a school of thought which encouraged its followers to bear whatever life offered.
During the ______ Greek ideas and language spread to the non-Greek world of the Middle East and beyond.
The most important part of Greek religion was ______.
The 26-mile victory run to Athens by Pheidippides is the basis of our modern word for a footrace, the ______.