116 terms

GOV EX3

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In the Texas legislature, the House has ______ members and the senate has ______ members.
the house 150. the senate 31
One of the most notable effects of bicameralism in the Texas legislature is that it
it has two chambers that meet in regular secession fro 140 days every odd numbered years
What is the function of the "local and consent" calendar?
A list of local or noncontroversial bills scheduled by the House Committee on Local and Consent Calendars for consideration by the house that must be distributed to the members 48 hours before the house convenes.
The requirements for holding office in the Texas legislature
26 years old, and must be a texas citizen for 5 years
The typical Texas legislator is most likely to be a
a white affluent business man
For how long does the Texas legislature meet?
for 140 days, in odd numbered years
Which of the following is not a legislative power of the Texas governor?
Removing, for suitable cause, the Speaker or lieutenant governor
The agenda for special sessions in the Texas legislature are set by the
governor
Which of the following statements about special sessions of the Texas legislature is true?
Special sessions are common, held an average of once a year since 1876.
In 2004 and 2005, three special sessions were called in the Texas legislature to deal with
school finance
Which of the following is neither a duty nor a power of the lieutenant governor in Texas?
The ability to call the Texas Senate into special session.
A bill in the Texas legislature that would allow a county to establish a new community college would be classified as a?
local bill
If the legislature grants a particular corporation an exception from a state law, it is called
special bill
What is the main difference between a bill and a resolution?
Unlike a bill, a resolution, if passed, lacks the force of a public law.
Define simple resolutions:
...
What are constituency services provided by Texas representatives Except
Providing legal services in court
Know the nonlegislative powers of the Texas legislature.
...
In Texas, who can write a bill?
anyone
In the Texas legislature, all bills dealing with state revenue must
start in the House of Represenatives
In the Texas legislature, the referral of a bill to a standing committee in the House and the senate is the job of whom?
Speaker of the House and lieutenant governor
In the Texas legislature, when a committee chair "pigeonholes" a bill, what happens?
The bill is set aside before it is ever discussed in committee
As in the U.S. Congress, what is the purpose of a conference committee in the Texas legislature?
it is a committee designed to make differing house and senate versions of the same bill identical
In Texas, why is a governor's post-adjournment veto so powerful?
it cannot be overturned by the legislature
When the governor strikes out specific spending provisions in large appropriations bills, it is called
the line-item veto.
In Texas, the governor's State of the State address is an example of the ______ power.
message
Why is the comptroller of public accounts so important to the legislature?
The comptroller informs the legislature how much money it has to spend on the budget
How is the Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives chosen?
The speaker of the Texas House of Representatives is an elected member of the House who is formally chosen as speaker by a majority vote of the House membership ar the opening of the legislative session, elected by the members of the House of Representatives
In the Texas House of Representatives, who has the power to allow members to speak in floor debates?
The speaker of the house
Legislative districts in the Texas House and Senate are
single member districts
Who has responsibility for redistricting the Texas delegation to the U.S. Congress?
the texas legiature
What is the importance of the Supreme Court case Reynolds v. Sims?
It forced Texas to redraw boundary lines for districts to give equal representation to the people
When does the Legislative Redistricting Board have the authority to draw new districts?
if the legislature fails to redraw districts at the first regular session after the census
What unconventional action did the Texas legislature take in 2003?
it redistricted a second time in a single decade
truth or false
truth or false
The Texas constitution permits the election to the Texas legislature of persons who are not U.S. citizens but who have been legal residents of Texas for at least ten years.
false
The typical Texas legislator is a white, upper-class, male Protestant.
true
The Texas legislature meets in regular session once every two years.
false
A special legislative session may last as long as it takes to complete the session's agenda.
false
The Texas House of Representatives is responsible for both impeaching government officials and holding the trial after impeachment.
false
Unlike the U.S. Senate, the Texas Senate does not permit filibusters.
false
Conference committees are designed to make Texas House and Senate bills identical to each other.
true
Like the U.S. president, the governor of Texas can kill a bill by refusing to sign it.
false
The governor of Texas has the authority to exercise a line-item veto.
true
The Texas constitution forbids the legislature to borrow money to conduct the daily operations of government.
true
In Texas, both the lieutenant governor and the Speaker of the House are elected in statewide elections.
false
The lieutenant governor is also a member of the Texas House of Representatives.
false
Members of the Texas House of Representatives are permitted to speak on the House floor for as long as they wish.
true
The secretary of state in Texas is responsible for redrawing legislative districts every ten years.
false
If the Texas legislature fails to redistrict, the task of redistricting then falls to the federal district court.
false
What type of powers does the governor of Texas have?
a few formal powers, so the office is one of the weakest chief executives in the US
Know the qualification a person would need to be a viable candidate for governor of Texas?
not a qualification is having to be born in texas
Who was the first Republican governor of Texas since Reconstruction, and when was he or she elected?
William Clements
In Texas, why are gubernatorial elections held in off years?
Minimize the power of presidential elections on governors race
What is the ultimate check on the governor?
Impeachment
In Texas, if a sitting governor is unable to hold office due to impeachment and conviction, resignation, or death, who becomes governor?
the lieutenant governor
______ is the only Texas governor to be both impeached and convicted.
James Ferguson
What is the most important function of the Texas governor's staff?
To keep the governor informed about problems and issues
What is the most significant and far-reaching of the Texas governor's powers?
The power to appoint boards and commission
Which of the following is the best example of the Texas governor's exercise of senatorial courtesy?
The governor will not appoint someone to office unless that appointee's state senator agrees
Which of the following is the best example of the Texas governor's military powers?
the governor can declare martial law during a natural disaster
What is the Department of Public Safety is responsible for?
except for animal and insect control
What are the legislative powers of the Texas governor?
...
When the Texas governor strikes out particular spending provisions in an appropriations bill, it is called
a line-item veto
For a Texas governor, what is the benefit of a post-adjournment veto?
The legislature is prevented from overriding it.
What is the Texas governor's greatest judicial power?
the power to appoint judges to vacancies in the courts
In Texas, what is the primary effect of a plural executive?
It dilutes the power of the governor and fragments the executive branch.
What makes the greatest difference between strong and weak governors of Texas?
the differences in personality
Why did the Texas constitution establish a plural executive?
There was suspicion of a strong chief executive
In Texas, which officer in the plural executive is not elected by voters?
Secretary
What is the primary task of the Texas secretary of state?
to handle elections and voter registration
What is the function of the lieutenant governor in Texas?
...
The chief lawyer for Texas is the
attorney general
Almost one-half of the attorney general's employees are involved in what government task?
collecting child-support
The ______ is the oldest state agency in Texas.
land office
Which office is charged with ensuring the accuracy of official weights and measures?
the department of argiculture
In Texas, what is the most important power of the state comptroller?
estimating tax revenues for the legislature
Which state office was eliminated in 1996?
state treasurer
In Texas, how is the plural executive is held accountable?
except appointment by the governor
Setting local telephone and electric rates is the responsibility of whom?
public utilities commission
What is the Texas Department of Insurance and its function?
...
Authority over railroads throughout Texas was given to the ______ in 2005.
Texas Department of Transportation
The Texas State Board of Education is responsible for?
expect funding public school districts
What is the purpose of the Sunset Advisory Commission in Texas?
to review the effectiveness of state agencies
Truth or False
truth or false
The Texas governor has many formal powers, making him or her one of the United States's strongest chief executives.
false
The governor of Texas currently serves a two-year term in office.
false
George W. Bush was the first Republican governor of Texas since Reconstruction.
false
The governor makes approximately 3,000 appointments to executive boards and commissions during a single term in office.
true
The governor has the ability to declare martial law in Texas.
true
Both the lieutenant governor and the secretary of state in Texas have the authority to call a special session of the legislature.
false
The Texas governor has strong powers for granting clemency.
false
The structure of the Texas executive branch is centralized, with much formal authority allocated to the governor.
false
Texas has a plural executive made up of multiple popularly elected offices.
true
The attorney general in Texas is responsible for overseeing the registration of voters.
false
In Texas, the lieutenant governor is also the president of the senate and may cast a vote to break a tie.
true
The attorney general's office offers advisory opinions to state agencies concerning the legality of actions.
true
The comptroller of public accounts directs the collection of taxes for the state of Texas.
true
There are approximately twenty state boards and commissions within the Texas plural executive.
false
The Texas Sunset Advisory Commission has mandated that no government official may serve in any single office for more than twelve years.
false
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
Like the U.S. Supreme Court, the Texas Supreme Court has nine justices, including one chief justice.
false
The Texas Supreme Court and the court of criminal appeals have appellate jurisdiction.
true
The Texas Supreme Court has jurisdiction over the automatic appeals in all death penalty cases.
false
Texas Supreme Court justices are elected for four-year terms.
false
Currently, there are fifteen statutory probate court judges.
false
Texas justices of the peace do not have to be lawyers.
true
Each incorporated town or city in Texas has a municipal court.
true
The majority of justice of the peace judges have a credentialed background in law.
false
In Texas, appellate court judges are elected, but the governor appoints trial judges to six-year terms.
false
Judicial elections in Texas are nonpartisan.
false
One of the biggest controversies concerning the method of judicial selection in Texas is that there may be conflicts of interest when judges must hear cases determining the financial interests of persons who have donated to their campaigns.
true
Texas law restricts the number of judicial races during any single election cycle to no more than six.
false
Less than 20 percent of all judges in Texas are Hispanic.
true
The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the Voting Rights Act applies to state judicial elections.
true
In 1996, the voters of Texas chose to adopt the merit selection of judges.
false
Texas law restricts the amount of money a judicial candidate may receive from donors.
true