25 terms

Transcription and Translation

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

RNA polymerase
RNA enzyme used to construct 3 types of RNA from DNA(transcription)
DNA helicase=unzips DNA moleculeDNA polymerase= pairs up complimentary nitrogen bases
Enzymes used to make DNA from DNA(replication)
20
# of known amino acids
3
# of nucleotides for specific amino acid
Alternating 5-carbon sugars(pentose) and phosphate groups
backbone of DNA and RNA
amino acid
building block of protein
64
# of possible combinations of nucleotides when 3 are present
initiation
1 stage of transcription and translation
ribosome
which organelle does transcription take place
making protein from amino acid sequence on mRNA molecule
what is translation
making 3 types of RNA(tRNA,mRNA,rRNA) from DNA
what is transcription
mRNA
where are codons found
transfer RNA
where are anticodons found
3 base sequence on mRNA that codes for specific amino acid
what are codons
carries a specific amino acid into a ribosome and pairs with complementary codon on the mRNA inside a ribosome
what are anticodons
RNA (tRNA, mRNA, rRNA)- 1 each of the 3 types calle a single helix
number of strands for DNA and RNA
called double helix
DNA-2
cytosine-guanine adenine-uracil
what nitrogen bases match up for RNA
cytosine-guanine adenine-thymine
what nitrogen bases match up for DNA
nucleic acid (DNA&RNA)
what is a repeating nucleotides
RNA&DNA
where is phosphate group found
DNA&RNA
where is 5-carbon molecule/pentose found
RNA
where is uracil found
DNA
where is deoxyiribose found
RNA
where is ribose found