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psych 334 chapter 4 my psych lab
Terms in this set (32)
What is the lifetime prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder in the adult population?
Anxiety is a ________ response.
How many children suffer from separation anxiety disorder?
_______ is associated with more severe anxiety, an earlier age of onset, and a more frequent history of childhood shyness.
Social anxiety disorder
Patients with __________ do not respond well to exposure therapy.
Four-year-old Karen is most likely to be afraid of ___________.
Why is the cognitive symptom of worry often absent in very young children?
They are incapable of thinking about thinking.
Which of the following conclusions can be made about the etiology of anxiety disorders?
Regarding biochemical theories, strong evidence suggests serotonin plays a role in regulating emotion.
Which of the following statements about PTSD among children in the United States is true?
The prevalence of PTSD is unknown because there are no controlled community investigations.
Which of the following panic disorders is the most common?
panic disorder without agoraphobia
When heart rate is monitored during tests, __________, despite the fact that girls report more fears than boys The latter reflects the influence of ___________.
test-anxious boys and girls show equal increases; social acceptability
_________ treatment for anxiety disorders uses free association and dream interpretation.
Based on currently available data, ________ appear(s) to be inherited.
Which of the following individuals is most likely to recover after receiving one year of appropriate treatment?
Taryn, a 27-year-old diagnosed with major depression.
Janie lives in Kansas and refused to purchase a house without a basement when she moved there from Illinois. Every night, she sleeps with a weather radio beside her bed as well as jeans folded over her tennis shoes in case the warning sirens go off. Janie is most likely exhibiting ___________ phobia.
Which of the following details a conditioning theory of fear acquisition?
Justin most likely developed his fear of tornadoes by watching his mother prepare for severe weather by checking the emergency kit, frequently searching the sky, and heading to the basement during severe thunderstorms even though the rest of the family remained upstairs.
Which of the following is a concern about the use of SSRIs?
SSRIs may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts.
If Jared is suffering from GAD, which of the following treatments might be tried first?
Which of the following scenarios correctly describes an expected panic attack?
Barb is afraid of heights. She is interviewing for a new position, and the company's offices are on the 64th floor with large, panoramic windows. When the time comes for her to step out of the elevator on to the 64th floor, she has a panic attack.
Which of the following symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is known as numbing?
As Connor watches the 4th of July celebration, he does not feel joy, sadness, or even surprise.
Rajesh Koothrappali, a character on the television show The Big Bang Theory, is a brilliant scientist who teaches at a university. He is unable to speak with women unless he has consumed alcohol. A practitioner is likely to diagnose Rajesh with __________.
Which of the following individuals most likely has a specific phobia?
Mike, the passenger who was supposed to be in seat 14C, but could not board the plane because he was worried that it was not fit to fly.
Steve, a 42-year-old, may experience different levels of distress in different social situations. For example, he is most likely to feel anxious while ________, whereas _______ is the least likely to make him anxious.
giving oral presentations; writing in the presence of others
Which of the following statements correctly defines the term anxiety?
Anxiety is a common emotion characterized by physical symptoms and thoughts or worries that something bad will happen.
Research focusing on a substance called corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) reveals which of the following in relation to the development of anxiety disorders?
Heightened and persistent CRF activity in the hypothalamus and the amygdala suggest that early life experiences such as loss, separation, or abuse may change brain activity, making that person more vulnerable to developing emotional disorders.
Laura was on a family vacation in Bermuda when a hurricane struck the island. They evacuated their beachfront hotel room and moved to the inner corridor on the fifth floor. They stayed there for two days in the dark as the storm ravaged the island. It took several days for them to book a flight out after the weather had cleared. When the family decided to travel to the Dominican Republic several months later, Laura refused to go, fearing that a hurricane would strike. Laura may have a _______, which makes her more vulnerable for developing a disorder.
high degree of anxiety-proneness
Which of the following scenarios represents the most common behavioral symptom of anxiety?
A commuter avoids high-speed roads and takes the rural route to work, increasing his commute time by thirty minutes even if this causes him to be late for work.
According to the text, the three most prevalent specific phobias in the general population are fear of __________
heights, insects, and being in closed spaces
What type of disorder was professional baseball player Zack Greinke suffering from when he quit playing in 2006?
social anxiety disorder
Behavioral inhibition is identifiable in children by age _______
Which of these experiences is likely to cause the most distress in an adolescent?
________ is/are characteristic(s) of emotions such as anxiety and fear.
Heightened physical arousal, cognitive/subjective distress, and behavioral avoidance
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