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34 terms

Chapter 22 Plant Diversity Study Guide

Biology
STUDY
PLAY
Pollen Grain
Contains male gametophyte
Fruit
Tissue that surrounds the seed in angiosperms
Monocot
1 Seed leafs or 1 cotyledon
Dicot
2 Seed leafs or 2 cotyledon
Xylem
Vascular tissue brings water up
Phloem
Vascular tissue that transports nutrients
Annual
1 Year
Bienniel
2 Years
Perennial
More than 2 years
Ovary
Protective structure for seeds
Seed
Contains embryo, fluid supply, and protective covering
Seed Coat
Protective covering
Spore
Haploid
Sporangia
Diploid
Tracheid
Vascular tissue
Vascular Tissue
Tracheid, xylem, and Phloem
Antheridium
Produces sperm
Archegonium
Produces eggs
Rhizoid
Similar to roots, no vascular tissue
Angiosperm
Flowering
Gymnosperm
Cone-bearing
Bryophyte
Get water by osmosis, no vascular tissue, need H20 to reproduce
Club Moss
Seedless vascular
Horsetails
Vascular, Seedless
Moss Capsule
Produces spores
Liverwarts
Eggs and sperm produced by structures that look like umbrellas
Characteristics of Plants
1. Multicellular
2. Eukaryotes
3. Cell walls made of cellulose
4. Greed pigment chlosophyll
Basic Needs of Plants
1. Sunlight
2. Water and minerals
3. Gas exchange for photosynthesis
4. Movement of water and nutrients
Ferns
1. Seedless vascular plants
2. Sporangium is diploid and produces haploid spores
3. Spores develop into gametophytes 1=1
Seed Plants
Gymntosperm- oldest
Angiosperm
Most common
Don't need water for fertilization
Gymnosperm
Cone-bearing (conifers, exposed cycads, seed and ginkgoes, ginetophytes)
Angiosperm
Flowering, fruit
Multicellular green algae
What first plants evolved from
Protonemo
Young gametophyte that forms rhizoids as it grows