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A system for giving each organism a two-word scientific name that consists of the genus name followed by the species name
A group of organisms that can reproduce only among themselves and that are usually contained in a geographical area
the process by which unrelated species become more similar as they adapt to the same kind of environment
a phylogenetic classification system that uses shared derived characters and ancestry as the sole criterion for grouping taxa
when a character is defined between two different groups if it evolved in a common ancestor of both groups
a diagram that is based on patterns of shared, derived traits and that shows the evolutionary relationships between groups of organisms
taxonomists give varying degrees of importance to characters and thus produce a subjective analysis of evolutionary relationships
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