Lit Crit Seventh 40
Terms in this set (40)
Ubi Sunt Formula
A convention much used in verse, rhetorically asking "where are those who were before us?" (ubi sunt qui ante nos fuerunt?). The most famous example in English is probably Rossetti's "The Ballad of Dead Ladies," (a translation): "But where are the snows of yester-year?"
An article that one keeps constantly on hand. By association, the term has come means "go with me."
In printing, a short line ending a paragraph but appearing at the top of a page or a column. It looks abandoned & alone, and printers try to avoid this.
The intelligible use of a foreign language that one does not know. Distinguished from "glossolalia," defined as the uttering of lexically noncommunicative material.
A style of bookbinding in limp leather with overlapping edges or flaps, most often seen in bibles. Used in phrases such as "yapped bindings" and "yapp edges."
Term used several ways involving "yoking": (1) synonym of Syllepsis - when a word represents 2 or more objects on different levels. "I have fancied you were gone down to cultivate matrimony & your estate in the country." (2) when 2 words sounding alike are yoked together: "He bolted the door & his dinner," wherein "bolted" is actually 2 different concrete verbs. (3) an irregularity arising when a conjunction yokes together forms not reconciling with other parts of the sentence. "Either you or he was responsible"- "you" conflicts with "was."
(1862-1937) 1921 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for Age of Innocence. House of Mirth, & Ethan Frome.
The general idea of otherness, expressed most influentially in the philosophy of G.W.F Hegel, who argued that much of Western thought defined itself by reference to opposition to something alien or other.
In general, a trifle; in art, a work explicitly identified or labeled as a trifle.
A literary patchwork - usually in verse - made up of scraps from one or many authors
A line of verse composed of ten syllables. Iambic & Trochaic Pentameter lines are --.
A change made in a literary text by an editor for removing error or supplying a supposed correct reading that has been obscured or lost through textual inaccuracy or tampering
An extrametrical, unstressed syllable added to the end of a line in iambic or anapestic rhythm. This variation, which may give a sense of movement & irregularity, is common in blank verse. The most famous soliloquy in English begins with four lines that are all --.
To be or not to be - that is the question:
Whether 'Tia nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles
And by opposing end them . . . .
A flexible lyric form, usually in a small number of couplets with or without rhyme, first employed in various Middle Eastern literatures & later enjoying a vogue among German romanticists & just recently among American poets.
Japanese poetry that states - in 3 lines of 5,7,& 5 syllables - a clear picture designed to arouse a distinct emotion & suggest a specific spiritual insight. Unlike Senryu, which is also in 17 syllables but has a lighter mood, -- is deeply serious & profoundly conventional.
Describes one or other of the poetic genres that are short & possess marked descriptive, narrative, & pastoral qualities. Pastoral & descriptive qualities are the first requisites; the point of view is that of a civilized & artificial society glancing from a drawing room window over meadows or the weekend farm.
Works produced in an author's youth & usually marked by immaturity.
Literally, am emptying or an evacuation; theologically, the deed or process by which Christ took on humble human form, surrendering divinity. In some of Harold Bloom's criticism, it is treated as a Trope.
A song or short narrative poem.
A short lyric, usually dealing with love or a pastoral theme & designed for-or at least suitable for-a musical setting.
1918 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for Love Songs
A work having to do with the land of the dead, especially a visit by a living person. Book XI of Homer's Odyssey, Book VI of Virgil's Aeneid, & all of Dante's Commedia
Things said "by the way"; incidental remarks. Although legal in origin, the term is sometimes used in literary association.
A song of praise or joy. Originally restricted to odes sung by a Greek chorus in honor of Apollo, the term was later broadened to include praise for other deities.
Earlier, a Pun. Nowadays, a verbal device for evading the point at issue, as when debaters engage in -- over the interpretation of a term.
A Spanish measure, usually in octosyllabic couplets or quatrains with various rhyme schemes.
It has the same form as Haiku-17 syllables arranged in lines of 5,7, & 5 syllables-but a different spirit, relying on humor or satire rather than conventions related to the seasons.
Japanese poetry similar to the Haiku. It consists of 31 syllables, arranged in 5 lines, each 7 syllables, except the first & third, which are each of five.
The last syllable of a word.
Poets or Bards who were believed to be divinely inspired seers who spoke prophetic truth. The Sybil was the most famous. Also refers to poetry regarded as divinely inspired, prophetic, or ocular.
The normal stress on syllables.
An 8 line stanza which rhymes aabbcddc; the rhythm is Iambic; & the meter is Pentameter, except in lines 4, 6, & 7, which are shorter (either Tetrameter or Trimeter).
A severe, carping critic.
1919 Nobel Prize for Fiction for The Magnificent Ambersons. 1922 Nobel Prize for Fiction for Alice Adams, Wrote Monsieur Beaucaire,
Plays written & performed in schools & colleges in the Elizabethan age.
In medieval, popular literature in which the habits of beasts, birds, & reptiles were made the text for allegory. They often ascribed human attributes to animals & were designed to moralize & to expound church doctrine.
A section or division of a long poem. Derived from the Latin for song, the word originally signified a section of a narrative poem of such length as to be sung by a minstrel in one singing.
Deus ex Machina
The employment of some unexpected & improbable incident to make things turn out right. Once used when Greek gods intervened to extricate characters from situations so perplexing that the solution seemed beyond mortal powers. The term now characterizes any device whereby an author solves a difficult situation by a forced invention.
A sustained formal poem setting forth meditations on death or another solemn theme. The meditation often is occasioned by the death of a particular person, but it may be a generalized observation or the expression of a solemn mood. Originally in Latin & Greek literatures signified almost any type of meditation.
(1885-1953) 1930 Nobel Prize for Literature & was the first American winner. Declined the 1926 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for Arrowsmith. Known for his satirical take on modern affairs, some of his well-known releases included Main Street, Babbitt and Dodsworth.