90 terms

chapter 3

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Terms in this set (...)

prosper
to be or become successful, especially financially [= succeed, flourish]
prosperous
successful, usually by earning a lot of money
poverty
the situation or experience of being poor
escape
to get away from a place, or a dangerous or bad situation [= flee]
class
a group of people within a society who have the same economic and social position
economic
relating to trade, industry and the management of money
loan
money borrowed from a bank and has to be paid back [= debt]
brainstorm
to develop ideas and think of ways of solving problems
ahead
in advance, before an event happens
peers
people who are the same age
pressure
an attempt to persuade someone by using influence, arguments, or threats
violence
extreme force
lack
shortage
lift
to move something or someone upwards into the air [= raise]
condition
term, requirement
character
moral strength, a combination of qualities such as courage, loyalty, and honesty
capacity
omeone's ability to do something
associated
related, connected
founded
established
repayment
when you pay back money that you have borrowed
amazing
so surprising you can hardly believe it [= astonishing, startling]
effective
successful or achieving the results that you want [= efficient]
depend
place trust (usually followed by 'on' or 'upon') [= rely]
primary
most important [= main]
eradicate
to completely get rid of something such as a disease or a social problem [= eliminate]
traditionally
following the customs or ways of behaving that have continued in a group of people for a long
time
worthless
has no value, importance or use ≠ valuable
access
the right to enter a place, use something or see someone
demonstrate
to show or prove something clearly
entire
whole, all
fund
an organization that collects money to help people who are ill to provide money for an activity,
organization, event etc.
focus
emphasis , concentration
grant
an amount of money given to someone, especially by the government, for a particular purpose
victim
someone who suffers because of something bad that happens
abuse
cruel or violent treatment of someone
literacy
the ability to read and write
method
way, approach, strategy
cooperate
to work with someone else to achieve something that you both want [= collaborate]
irony
when you use words that are the opposite of what you really mean, often in order to be
amusing
finance
to provide money, especially a lot of money, to pay for something [= fund]
consume
to use time, energy, goods etc
destroy
to damage something so badly that it no longer exists or cannot be used or repaired
wasteful
using more of something than you should, especially money, time or effort
item
a single thing, especially one thing in a list, group, or set of things
identical
exactly the same or very similar
psychology
study of the mind or how it influences behavior
increasingly
more or more all the time
persuade
to make someone believe something [= convince]
weakness
lack of strength, power or influence
essential
important, necessary
target
to direct advertising, criticism or a product at someone [= aim]
dissatisfaction
a feeling of not being pleased or satisfied [= unhappiness]
consider
to think about something carefully, especially before making a choice or decision
offend
to make someone angry by doing or saying something that they think is rude [= insult]
offensive
very rude or insulting and likely to upset people [= aggressive]
breath
the air that you send out of your lungs when you breathe
mouthwash
a liquid used to make your mouth smell fresh or to get rid of infection in your mouth
hygiene
the practice of keeping yourself and the things around you clean in order to prevent diseases
dental floss
a type of thin thread that you use for cleaning between your teeth
outweigh
to be more important and valuable than something else
logic
a way of thinking about something that seems correct and realistic
take advantage
to use a particular situation to do or get what you want [= benefit]
desire
a strong hope or wish
attractive
good- looking ; pleasant to look at
exciting
making you happy and interested [= interesting]
adventurous
not afraid of taking risks or trying new things
irrational
not based on clear thought and reason
reasonable
using good judgement [= fair, sensible]
addicted
unable to stop taking a harmful substance, especially a drug
remain
to continue to be in the same state or condition [= stay]
popularity
when something is liked, enjoyed or supported by many people [= admiration]
vehicle
a machine usually with wheels and an engine which is used for transporting people or goods
create
to invent or design something [= cause, produce, make]
commercial
an advertisement on television or radio
well-organized
arranged or ordered well and carefully
scent
a pleasant smell that something has [= fragrance]
prophecy
a statement that something will happen in the future [= prediction]
pill
a small solid piece of medicine that you swallow whole [ = tablet]
diet pills
anti- obesity medications or weight loss drugs
compulsion
the act of forcing or influencing someone to do something they do not want to do
compel
to force someone to do something
reduce
to make something smaller or less in size, amount or price [= decrease]
ingredient
a food item that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish [= component]
synthetic
produced by combining different artificial substances [= artificial]
to harm
to damage something; physically hurt
influential
having a lot of influence and therefore changing the way people think and behave
enormous
very big in size or amount [= huge]
basic
at the simplest or least developed level
success
when you achieve what you want or intend ≠ failure
respect
admiration for someone or something that you believe has good ideas or qualities
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