Westward Expansion 4th grade
Terms in this set (79)
What area did Daniel Boone crossed?
What was the area through the Appalachian Mountains where Daniel Boon Crossed to get to Kentucky called?
Where was Daniel Boone going when he used the Cumberland Gap to cross the Appalachian Mountains?
The Cumberland gap was a small valley used by who?
Native Americans to cross the Appalachian Mountains.
Daniel Boone created what?
wilderness trail (road)
Wilderness Trail (Road) became known as what?
The first national road
What expanded original Native American Trails?
What did Boone Established the first US settlement west of?
Boone bought much of the land in which state?
Who was The land Boone bought in Kentucky was taken from?
The Cherokee Indians
Meriweather Lewis and William Clark explored what area?
The Louisiana Purchase land.
The Louisiana Purchase land stretched from where to where?
New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi River to present day Idaho and as far north as Canada.
Who asked Lewis and Clark to explore the Louisiana Purchase lands?
President Thomas Jefferson
Who helped Lewis and Clark?
Native American Guide Sacagawea
What did the expedition bring back?
Information about native Americans who lived in the regions.
What else did they find on the expedition?
Scientific specimens of plants and animals they found
When Lewis and Clark were exploring Americans wanted them to find what?
A continuous water route that connected east to west
What is the Northwest Passage?
A continuous water route connecting east to west
Lewis and Clark also passed through_______ establishing an American Claim to it.
Oregon Territory (Pacific Northwest)
Zebulon Pike explored the upper Regions of_________________.
The Mississippi River
Pike mapped and Claimed lands for The United States during __________________________________.
Westward Expansion included Uncharted territories that stretched______________________________.
to the Pacific Ocean and up to Oregon Country
Pike made and signed ____________ with the Native Americans.
Pike became _________ with the Native Americans.
Pike also explored the southern part of _______________.
The Louisiana Territory
What is named for Zebulon Pike in Colorado?
Why did President Thomas Jefferson ask about buying land around New Orleans?
To help the farmers along the Mississippi River
Who surprised Jefferson and offered him the entire area of Louisiana?
What did the farmers along the Mississippi River need?
To transport products down river to the French Port New Orleans
Why did the farmers not transport goods over the Appalachian Mountains?
It cost too much money
The Louisiana Purchase nearly _______________ the size of the US.
What areas of the current US did the Louisiana Territory cover?
West of the Mississippi to present day Idaho and North to Canada.
The Louisiana Territory had what kind of land features?
Many rivers, flat land, Mountains and passes through the Rocky Mountains
There was fighting between Spain and the US over boundary lines of what territory?
The Louisiana Territory
Spain sold ____________ to the US.
What did the US have to pay for Florida?
Money and clear border between the Louisiana Territory and New Spain.
What impacted the US's desire for Florida?
Relations with the Native Americans.
Who Accepted Mexico's invitation to move into the Texas territory?
Why did the southern cotton farmers agree to become Mexican citizens and follow Mexican law?
To have access to more fertile land for growing cotton.
A New Mexican Government took control over Texas and outlawed_____________________.
Texans rebelled and fought a war over the abolishment of slavery and they won what?
After the war Texas wanted to become part of what
To become part of the US.
Why wouldn't the US congress annex (add) Texas to the states?
It would upset the balance of free and slave states.
How many years was Texas an independent country?
James K. Polk ran for president on the platform of___________.
What is Manifest Destiny?
Wide held belief by Americans that it was their God given right to claim land from coast to coast. They were certain the US would stretch from Atlantic Ocean to Pacific Ocean. Thus, from sea to shining sea.
Under which president was Texas annexed?
James K. Polk
Mexican Cession was land won by the US as a result of what?
winning the Mexican War.
The US wanted a port on the Pacific coast in the Mexican territory of?
When President Polk tried to buy the port and land what happened?
The Mexicans would not sell.
What happened After Texas was annexed, the US sent in American troops into a border of Texas that the Mexican Government claimed as their own.
Shots were fired and a war started
The US invaded
Who won Mexico or the US?
Who was defeated(lost) the Mexican Army or the US Army?
The Mexican Army
What states did the treaty that ended the war give the US?
New Mexico, Arizona, California, Utah, and Nevada
What were other things were gained by the US in Mexican Cession?
Access to Pacific ports & Gold fields of California
North West Territory Treaty is also called what?
The US claimed Oregon Territory based on explorations of who?
Lewis and Clark
What other country also claimed the Oregon Territory?
What were The Negotiations and compromise with Great Brittain over the Oregon Territory known as?
The Oregon Treaty
Who moved into the Oregon Territory?
Americans in search of economic opportunity in the fur trade and farmers.
Who in the Oregon Territory wanted to be a part of the US?
California gold rush took place in
Many pioneers headed west to
What were the pioneers going to California in 1849 for?
To search for gold
What was the migration of pioneers to California in 1849 called?
The California Gold Rush
What were the migrant pioneers in the Gold Rush looking to do?
Get Rich Quick & Return home to their families
In 1930, President Andrew Jackson signed what Act?
The Indian Removal Act
What did the Indian Removal Act do?
Gave the President power to move the Native Americans from East of the Mississippi River to west of the Mississippi River.
What was the land where the Indians were moved west of the Mississippi was known as?
Was the Indian Removal Act peaceful or not peaceful?
The Cherokee Nation chose to do what to make the Americans happy?
Live in harmony with them and adopt their American customs.
Cherokee tried to resist Removal be taking their case where?
The Supreme Court
The Supreme Court ruled in favor of who and what?
The Cherokee keeping their land
President Andrew Jackson ignored the what?
Supreme Court Ruling.
Jackson used the US Army to force the Cherokee to do what?
move from the Appalachian Mountains to Oklahoma.
What is the process where the Army moved the Indians from Appalachian Mountains to Oklahoma called?
The Trail of Tears
Where did the Trail of tears begin?
Where did the Trail of tears end?