-March 8, 1862
-the Monitor vs. the Merrimack
-A Union steam frigate, the Merrimack, had sunk off the coast of Virginia in 1861. The Confederates recovered this ship and Confederate secretary of the navy Stephen R Mallory put engineers to work plating the iron. When Union secretary of the navy Gideon Welles heard of this development, he was determined to respond in kind. Naval engineer John Ericsson designed a ship, the Monitor, that had 2 guns mounted on a revolving turret. On March 8, 1862, the Merrimak attacked 3 wooden Union warships, sinking the 1st, burning the 2nd, and driving the 3rd aground. The Monitor arrived and, the following day, engaged the Confederate vessel. Although the battle was a draw, the era of wooden fighting ships was over
-North had a much bigger advantage because they had more resources and capability to prepare themselves for war. They had more soldiers/troops, transportation, weapons, land, workers, food, uniforms, they were very industrialized, bog financial resources, good defense line at the battle, etc.
-A lot of Paid workers -- While people are fighting, there are still a lot more people to make the weapons and continue living normal life. Those not fighting, would continue on real life and make supplies for the soldiers (weapons, clothing, emergency supplies, etc.)
This battle started when General Robert E Lee led his Confederate army on their second invasion of the North. He did this in hope of gathering supplies for his army, moving the war out of the destroyed Virginia farmland, and to gain politically beneficial victories. The Union on the other hand, led by General Joseph Hooker, later replaced by General George Meade, simply wanted to protect their states by stopping the Confederacy from advancing onto their land. Pickett's Charge, a major event in this battle, was very impactful on the outcome. It started when 12,000 Confederate soldiers went up against the center of the Union line on Cemetery Ridge. This charge was rejected by Union fire and resulted in major losses among the Confederate Army. This left Lee and his army with no choice, but to retreat back to Virginia. As a result, 51,000 soldiers (from each army) were either missing, captured, wounded, or killed in the 3 day battle. This battle was a major component that led to the Union winning the overall war due to the fact that many of the Confederate troops were killed and the Union became stronger by gaining confidence and experience. This was the only battle that occurred in the Union Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch Deborah Gray White, Edward L. Ayers, Jesús F. de la Teja, Robert D. Schulzinger Deborah Gray White, William Deverell