Louisiana DMV Handbook (2017)
Terms in this set (99)
Anyone operating a farm tractor, farm implements, or road machinery temporarily on the highway _____ (is/is not) required to have a driver's license.
class A, B, C
Commercial Drivers' Licenses (CDL); required for drivers of large cargo trucks, commercial passenger vehicles or for the commercial transportation of hazardous materials; minimum age 18
permits the operation of any single vehicle used in commerce having a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,001 pounds or more but less than 26,001 pounds; minimum age 17
permits the operation of any single motor vehicle under 10,001 pounds, recreational vehicles, and certain farm use vehicles not defined as commercial vehicle; minimum age 15
Graduated Licensing Program
The _____ _____ _____ is a three step process implemented to "reduce youth accidents now" (R.Y.A.N.)
first step of the Graduated Licensing Program; must complete 30 hours of classroom instruction and 8 hours of driving instruction; must pass vision exam at 80% accuracy; 15 age minimum
second step of the Graduated Licensing Program; must pass road skills driving test with at least 80% accuracy; prohibited from driving between the hours of 11:00 pm and 5:00 am without a licensed adult; minimum age 16
third and final step of the Graduated Licensing Program; minimum age 17
By law, your _____ _____ must be in the vehicle at all times as evidence of insurance.
The minimum standards for vision is ___/___ for safe driving.
The following driving skills are most important
Backing, Yielding right of way, Approach to Corner, Keeping in Lane, Parking between cars, Use of Signals, Following others, Attention, Turning, Response to Signs and Signals
Driver's licenses expire _____ years from your nearest birthday, and but be renewed withint 180 days before the expiration date.
Louisiana spends more than $_____ million a year to clean up our highways.
_____ products are the most littered item along Louisiana roadways.
Cigarette butts _____ (are/are not) biodegradable.
Businesses pay about _____% of the cost to clean up litter with the government funding the remainder. Many communities depend on volunteers to clean up litter.
The highway transportation system is only about _____ years old.
people, vehicles, roads
The Highway Transportation System consists of three major components: _____, _____, and _____.
Traffic collisions are the number _____ cause of teenage deaths.
About _____ people die on the highway each year.
careless operation, failure to yield, following too closely, speeding
What are the four leading causes of motor vehicle crashes?
a parish road is a road that is regulated and maintained by a certain parish
a highway that is regulated by the state (ex. LA 1)
a nationally regulated highway that is a predecessor to the Interstate Highway program that was adopted in 1926 (ex. US 1 and US 6)
These highways were created by Dwight D. Eisenhower in the 50's; these are expressways that crisscross the country that carry large volumes of traffic
_____ numbered highways go East and West. _____ numbered highways go North and South.
east, west, north, south
Even numbered highways go _____ and _____. Odd numbered highways go _____ and _____.
a national term that high volume roads are called; they are divided highways with at least 4 lanes; most in the country are commissioned as Interstates
Same as expressways; this term is used out west, especially in California.
a highway that collects tolls; usually from tollbooths a couple miles apart on a highway
another type of a toll way; the main difference is that these roads collect tolls using a ticket system; you get a ticket when you get on the highway and you pay the ticket when you get off (ex. Pennsylvania Turnpike, Massachusetts turnpike
a divided highway that has lots of trees and plants around, usually very beautiful and scenic highways
highways with lanes going in the opposite directions divided by a median or some sort of barrier between them; other names include Skyways, Bee Lines, and Toll Roads
limited access highway
a highway where access is limited to signed exits
partial access highways
a highway that allows access at other streets, probably at a stop light, though driveways and other forms of access are not allowed
full access highways
any road that is divided has driveways and any other type of access allowed
when a vehicle's tires start skimming the surface of the water instead of gripping the road
signs, barricades, drums, cones, tubes, flashing arrow panels, flag persons
The most commonly used traffic control devices.
Traffic fines are doubled for _____ zones.
right, left The diagonal stripes on the barricade or vertical panel guide the driver toward the direction in which traffic should pass. Stripes sloping downward to the _____ mean the driver should bear to the right. Conversely, stripes sloping downward to the _____ mean bear to the left.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
The ___ ___ ___ ___ (NHTSA) establishes and enforces safety performance standards for vehicle manufacturers.
The most common traffic law violation is _____.
Louisiana has a mandatory _____ _____ use law which requires all passengers in cars, vans and pickup trucks to be properly buckled.
Use of the _____ _____ is the most effective method of preventing serious injuries and reducing fatalities in crashes.
Wearing a safety belt reduces the chance of serious injury and death by ___% to ___%.
From birth or less than 20 lbs. at any age, children must be _____ _____, in a federally approved car seat.
To prevent hand injury from air bags, place your hands _____ (higher/lower) on the steering wheel.
refers to technology assisting in the prevention of a crash
refers to components of the vehicle (primarily airbags, seatbelts and the physical structure of the vehicle) that help to protect occupants during a crash
a subset of crash avoidance that help the driver to detect ordinarily hidden obstacles and to control the vehicle
devices that prevent or reduce the severity of injuries when a crash is imminent or actually happening
type of tire that is suitable for all types of usage and it works regardless of wet or dry condition; the tread on the tire is designed to minimize the noise and provide more grip in a wet condition
type of tire that is the performance tire; used for faster cars; this type of tire is durable in dry weather but not suitable for wet weather
type of tire that is the winter tire, which is extremely durable against extreme weather such as snow and ice; this tire is not to be used in dry conditions as it will get damaged on the road
the angle between the tires' actual path and its natural path
when the car turns more than expected
part of cornering; where turning begins
part of cornering; the point where the car reaches the furthest point on the inside of the turn
part of cornering; when the car is driving straight again
involves a proactive attitude behind the wheel and anticipating potential hazards instead of simply reacting to them
an acronym designed for defensive driving and road safety
scan, identify (hazards), predict (hazards), decide (on an action), execute (your decision)
What does SIPDE stand for?
two, six, eight
A driver should rest every _____ hours and not drive longer than _____ or _____ hours a day.
According to recent statistics, _____ driving causes more than 56,000 crashes every year.
A _____ _____ is an area 20 to 30 seconds ahead from the front of the vehicle.
any place where traffic flow merges or crosses
To measure how closely you are following someone, count to ______ after the car in front of you passes a landmark (such as a pole or sign).
a device inside the transmission of the car that holds it in park
white, yellow, blue, red
When it comes to parking restriction, the color _____ indicates that only short stops are permitted, _____ indicates a loading zone or some other restriction, _____ indicates a handicap restriction, and _____ indicates fire zone restrictions.
You are not allowed to pass if the road is marked with a _____ (solid/dashed) _____ (color) line.
Louisiana law requires that your headlights (not just parking lights) be on between _____ and _____.
Texting while driving is extremely dangerous. Texting causes a driver to look away from the road for almost _____ seconds.
When following trucks at night, keep your headlights on _____ _____. The truck's many side mirrors will reflect high beam lights right into the driver's eyes.
the blind spot around the front, back, and sides of trucks
If you can't see the truck driver's face in the truck's _____, the truck driver can't see you.
When a traffic-control signal is not functioning at an intersection, the intersection shall revert to an _____-_____ or _____-_____ stop.
General Speed Law
The ___ ___ ___ is that you must not drive at a speed greater than is reasonable.
the operation of two or more vehicles from a point side by side at accelerating speeds in a competitive attempt to outdo each other
You must stop at least _____ feet from a stopped school bus that is loading or unloading children.
___-___ collisions are the most frequent type of crashes on the interstates.
speed control, lane position, communication
What are the three basic elements to space management?
There is an estimated _____ million deer-vehicle collisions annually in the United States.
You _____ (should/should not) swerve your vehicle to avoid an animal.
Before impacting with an animal, you should _____ your brake.
You should be aware of the _____ of your vehicle before hauling a moving trailer.
High beams let you see _____ as far as low beams.
If your car has a manual brake system, do not brake hard. Instead, you must _____ the brake.
If the gas pedal sticks, try to free the pedal with your _____.
Alcohol reaches your brain in about _____ minutes.
blood alochol concentration (BAC)
describes the concentration of alcohol of 100 mg of alcohol per 100 ml of blood
.04, .08, .02
In Louisiana the legal limit of blood alcohol concentration is ___ if you are operating a commercial motor vehicle, ___ if you are 21 years of age or older, and ___ if you are 20 years of age and younger.
1st DWI conviction
a criminal record; six months in jail; $1,000 fine plus court costs; loss of driver's license for 365 days
2nd DWI conviction
a criminal record; six months in jail with 48 hours mandatory jail time; $1,000 fine plus court costs; loss of driver's license for two years
3rd DWI conviction
a felony criminal record; 1-5 years in prison with 30 days mandatory jail time; $2,000 fine plus court costs; loss of driver's license for three years; vehicle may be seized and sold; six weeks inpatient and 12 months outpatient substance abuse treatment; home incarceration for remainder of sentence
4th DWI conviction
a felony criminal record; 30 years in prison with 30 days mandatory jail time; $5,000 fine plus court costs; loss of driver's license for three years; auto may be seized and sold; six weeks inpatient and 12 months outpatient substance abuse treatment; five years home incarceration
the fatal injury of a human by an operator of any motor vehicle, aircraft, watercraft, or other means of conveyance, whether or not there is any intent to cause death or great bodily harm; penalties include fines of not less than $2,000 nor more than $15,000 and imprisonment for not less than five years or more than 30 years; at least one year jail time will be mandatory
vehicle negligent injury
inflicting any injury by an operator of any motor vehicle, aircraft, water-craft, or other means of conveyance when the offender is under the influence of alcohol or drugs and/or the offender's blood alcohol concentration is 0.08% or more; penalties include fines of not more than $1,000 or imprisonment for not more than six months, or both
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