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37 terms

Positional Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Ventral
refers to the belly or underside of a body or body part
Dorsal
refers to the back
Cranial
toward the head
Caudal
toward the tail
Posterior
rear of the body
Rostral
nose end of the head
Cephalic
pertaining to the head
Medial
toward midline
Lateral
away from midline
Proximal
nearest midline or nearest the beginning of a structure
Distal
farthest from midline or farthest from the beginning of a structure
Superficial
near the surface
Deep
away from the surface
Palmar
the caudal surface of the manus (front paw) including the carpus
Plantar
the caudal surface of the pes (rear paw) including the tarsus
Midsagittal Plane
the plan that divides the body into equal right and left halves
Sagittal Plane
the plane that divides the body into unequal right and left parts
Dorsal Plane
the plane that divides the body into dorsal (back) and ventral (belly) parts
Transverse Plane
the plane that divides the body into cranial and caudal parts
Etiology
the study of disease causes
Dental Arcade
the term used to describe how teeth are arranged in the mouth
Lingual
Towards the tongue
Buccal
toward the inside of the cheek
Occlusal
Chewing surface of the posterior teeth
Thoracic
of or relating to the chest or thorax
Abdomen
the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis
Recumbent
lying down
Adduction
movement toward the midline
Abduction
movement away from midline
Flexion
closure of a joint angle, or reduction of the angle between two bones
Extension
straightening of a joint or an increase in the angle between two bones
Supination
the act of rotating the limb or body part so that the palmar surface is turned upward
Pronation
the act of rotating the limb or body part so that the palmar surface is turned downward
Genetic
a term used to denote something that pertains to genes or heredity
Congenital
which denotes something that is present at birth
Exocrine
denoting a gland that secretes outwardly through ducts
Endocrine
any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream