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black lesions made of pulmonary macrophages with ingested coal particles. seen in coal workers, smokers and dwellers of urban polluted areas.
a condition in which insufficient or no oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged on a ventilatory basis
a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing
a drug that relaxes and dilates the bronchial passageways and improves the passages of air into the lungs
pattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase of depth and sometimes rate to a maximum level, followed by a decrease, resulting in apnea
an acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough
a genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus
disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing very difficult
the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway
accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest)
energetic (deep and rapid) respiration that occurs normally after exercise or abnormally with fever or various disorders
a very strong drive resulting from a deficiency of available oxygen in the blood and bodily tissues (short of anoxia)
visual examination of the larynx to detect tumors, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities
the part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contains the heart and aorta and esophagus and trachea and thymus
pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a vapor, which is then inhaled by the patient via a face mask or mouthpiece
a physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck; also known as an ENT
whooping cough; highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis
abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis
monitoring and recording of normal and abnormal activity during sleep to diagnose sleep disorders
A physician who specializes in the diseases and disorders of the lungs and respiratory system
a device that measures the oxygen saturation of arterial blood by reference to light wave lengths
the surgical creation of an opening into the chest cavity to establish drainage of empyema
an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage
An infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis which affects the lungs but can also spread to other parts of the body.
lower respiratory tract consists of
the bronchial tree and lungs. These structures are located within, and protected by, the thoracic cavity which is also known as the rib cage
is a wall of cartilage that divides the nose into two equal sections. A septum is a wall that separates two chambers
are the specialized tissues that line the respiratory, digestive, reproductive, and urinary systems
which is secreted by the mucous membranes, protects and lubricates these tissues. In the
nose mucus helps to moisten, warm, and filter the air as it enters. Notice the different spellings; however, they have the same pronunciation. Mucous is the name of
the tissue; mucus is the secretion that flows from the tissue.
are nerve endings that act as the receptors for the sense of smell. They are also important to the sense of taste. These receptors are located in the mucous membrane in the
upper part of the nasal cavity
air-filled cavities lined with mucous membrane, are located in the bones of the skull. These sinuses are connected to the nasal cavity via short ducts (para- means near, nas means nose, and -al means pertaining to).
which is commonly known as the throat, receives the air after it passes through the nose. The pharynx is made up of three divisions
located in the frontal bone just above the eyebrows. An infection here can cause severe
pain in this area.
which are located in the sphenoid bone, are close to the optic nerves and an
infection here can damage vision
which are the largest of the paranasal sinuses, are located in the maxillary bones. An infection in these sinuses can cause pain in the
posterior maxillary teeth
which are located in the ethmoid bones, are irregularly shaped air cells that are separated
from the orbital (eye) cavity by only a thin layer of bone
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