29 terms

Organic Chemistry: Common Functional Groups

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R
alkyl group
X
halogen (F, Cl, Br, I)
-
single bond
=
double bond
=-
triple bond
Alkane
R3C-CR3
Alkene or Olefin
R2C=CR2
Alkyne
RC=-CR
Alkyl Halide
R-X
Alcohol
R-OH
Thiol
R-SH
Ether
R-O-R
Epoxide or oxirane
R2C-O-CR2
Phenol
(CH)5CH+OH
Aldehyde
RH=O
Ketone
R2=O
Hemiacetal
see image
Acetal
see image
Cyanohydrin
see image
Amine
see image
(R-NH2)
Imine
see image
Enamine
see image
Carboxylic Acid
see image
Acid Halide
see image
Acid Anyhydride
see image
Ester
see image
Lactone
see second image
left: O; right: (CH2)n
Amide
see image
Lactam
see image
left top: (CH2)n