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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. continuous reinforcement
  2. escape learning
  3. phobias
  4. latent learning
  5. unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
  1. a an organism acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation
  2. b a stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning
  3. c learning that is not apparent from behavior when it first occurs
  4. d irrational fears of specific objects or situations
  5. e occurs when every instance of a designated response is reinforced

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences; b.f. skinner
  2. any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience; shapes our personal habits, traits, preferences, and emotional responses
  3. a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus; ian pavlov
  4. involves learning associations between events that occur in an organisms environment
  5. he reinforcer is given after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses; a rat reinforced every tenth lever press; a salesperson receives a bonus for every fourth set of golf clubs sold

5 True/False questions

  1. reinforcementoccurs when an event following a response weakens the tendency to make that response; when rat presses lever, it receives a shock


  2. conditioned stimulus (CS)a previously neutral stimulus that has, through conditioning, acquired that capacity to evoke a conditioned response


  3. unconditioned response (UCR)an unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioning


  4. rest intervala period of nonexposure to the CS


  5. stimulus generalizationoccurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus; john b. watson