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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. primary reinforcers
  2. generalization
  3. shaping
  4. higher-order conditioning
  5. trial
  1. a events that are inherently reinforcing because they satisfy biological needs; food, water, warmth, sex, affection
  2. b responding to a new stimulus as if it were the original
  3. c in which a conditioned stimulus functions as if it were an unconditioned stimulus
  4. d the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of a desired response
  5. e any presentation of a stimulus or pair of stimuli

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus; john b. watson
  2. a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus; ian pavlov
  3. occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus does not respond in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus
  4. events that acquire reinforcing qualities by being associated with primary reinforcers; money, good grades, attention, flattery, praise, applause
  5. occurs when every instance of a designated response is reinforced

5 True/False questions

  1. schedule of reinforcementoccurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus

          

  2. negative reinforcementoccurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the removal of an aversive (unpleasant) stimulus

          

  3. learningany relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience; shapes our personal habits, traits, preferences, and emotional responses

          

  4. latent learningan organism acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation

          

  5. reinforcementoccurs when an event following a response increases an organisms tendency to make that response; a response in strengthened because it leads to rewarding consequences