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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. intermittent reinforcement
  2. reinforcement
  3. punishment
  4. variable ratio (VR) schedule
  5. fixed interval (FI) schedule
  1. a the reinforcer is given for the first response that occurs after a fixed time interval has elapsed; a rat in reinforced for the first lever press after a two minute interval has elapsed and then must wait two minutes before recieving the next reinforcement; students can earn grades by taking exams every three weeks
  2. b occurs when an event following a response increases an organisms tendency to make that response; a response in strengthened because it leads to rewarding consequences
  3. c the reinforcer is given after a variable number of nonreinforced responses; a rat in reinforced for every tenth lever press on the average. the exact number of responses required for reinforcement varies from one time to the next; a slot machine in a casino pays off once over six tried on average. the number of nonwinning responses varies greatly from one time to the next
  4. d occurs when a designated response in reinforced only some of the time
  5. e occurs when an event following a response weakens the tendency to make that response; when rat presses lever, it receives a shock

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a specific pattern of presentation of reinforcers over time
  2. irrational fears of specific objects or situations
  3. a stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning
  4. occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus; john b. watson
  5. the circumstances or roles that determine whether responses lead to the presentation of reinforcers

5 True/False questions

  1. continuous reinforcementoccurs when every instance of a designated response is reinforced

          

  2. avoidance learningan organism acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation

          

  3. acquisitionthe initial stage of learning something

          

  4. rest intervala period of nonexposure to the CS

          

  5. conditioninga form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences; b.f. skinner