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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. phobias
  2. fixed interval (FI) schedule
  3. reinforcement contingencies
  4. emit
  5. punishment
  1. a irrational fears of specific objects or situations
  2. b the reinforcer is given for the first response that occurs after a fixed time interval has elapsed; a rat in reinforced for the first lever press after a two minute interval has elapsed and then must wait two minutes before recieving the next reinforcement; students can earn grades by taking exams every three weeks
  3. c occurs when an event following a response weakens the tendency to make that response; when rat presses lever, it receives a shock
  4. d send forth
  5. e the circumstances or roles that determine whether responses lead to the presentation of reinforcers

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. an organism acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation
  2. the reappearance of an extinguished response after a period of nonexposure to the conditioned stimulus
  3. occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus; john b. watson
  4. responding to a new stimulus as if it were the original
  5. a period of nonexposure to the CS

5 True/False questions

  1. learningany relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience; shapes our personal habits, traits, preferences, and emotional responses

          

  2. skinner boxa small enclosure in which an animal can make a specific response that is systematically recorded while the consequence of the response are controlled

          

  3. stimulus discriminationoccurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus does not respond in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus

          

  4. resistance to extinctionthe gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency because the response is no longer followed by reinforcement

          

  5. conditioned response (CR)an unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioning

          

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