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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. stimulus generalization
  2. emit
  3. extinction
  4. fixed ratio (FR) schedule
  5. punishment
  1. a the gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency because the response is no longer followed by reinforcement
  2. b occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus; john b. watson
  3. c send forth
  4. d occurs when an event following a response weakens the tendency to make that response; when rat presses lever, it receives a shock
  5. e he reinforcer is given after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses; a rat reinforced every tenth lever press; a salesperson receives a bonus for every fourth set of golf clubs sold

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. an organism acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation
  2. occurs when an event following a response increases an organisms tendency to make that response; a response in strengthened because it leads to rewarding consequences
  3. events that acquire reinforcing qualities by being associated with primary reinforcers; money, good grades, attention, flattery, praise, applause
  4. any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience; shapes our personal habits, traits, preferences, and emotional responses
  5. learning that is not apparent from behavior when it first occurs

5 True/False questions

  1. skinner boxa period of nonexposure to the CS


  2. conditioned response (CR)an unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioning


  3. unconditioned response (UCR)a learned reaction to a conditioned stimulus that occurs because of previous conditioning


  4. schedule of reinforcementoccurs when every instance of a designated response is reinforced


  5. variable interval (VI) schedulethe reinforcer is given for the first response that occurs after a fixed time interval has elapsed; a rat in reinforced for the first lever press after a two minute interval has elapsed and then must wait two minutes before recieving the next reinforcement; students can earn grades by taking exams every three weeks