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Terms in this set (16)
1846 Wilmot Proviso
Proposed to prohibit slavery in any land acquired in the Mexican War, but southern senators, led by John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, defeated the measure in 1846 and 1847.
1846ish Popular Sovereignty
Allowed settlers in a disputed territory to decide the slavery issue for themselves; program most closely associated with Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois.
1848 Free Soil Party
Formed in 1848 to oppose slavery in the territory acquired in the Mexican War; nominated Martin Van Buren for president in 1848. By 1854 most of the party's members had joined the Republican Party
Compromise of 1850
Complex compromise devised by Senator Henry Clay that admitted California as a free state, included a stronger fugitive slave law, and delayed determination of the slave status of New Mexico and Utah territories.
1850 Fugitive Slave Act
Gave federal government authority in cases involving runaway slaves, aroused considerable opposition in the North.
1851-2 Uncle Tom's Cabin
Antislavery novel that popularized the abolitionist position.
1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act
Law sponsored by Illinois senator Stephen A. Douglas to allow settlers in newly organized territories north of the Missouri border to decide the slavery issue for themselves.
1855-6 Bleeding Kansas
Violence between pro and antislavery settlers in the Kansas territory.
1854 Know-Nothings Party
Nativist, anti-Catholic party organized in 1854 in reaction to large-scale German and Irish immigration; the party's only presidential candidate was Millard Fillmore in 1856
1854 Republican Party
Anti-slavery party organized in 1854 in response to the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Nominated John C. Frémont for president in 1856 and Lincoln in 1860.
1857 Dred Scott Decision
U.S. Supreme Court decision which ruled that Congress could not prohibit slavery in the territories, on the grounds that such a prohibition would violate the Fifth Amendment rights of slaveholders, and that no black person could be a citizen of the United States.
Oct. 1859 John Brown's Raid/ Harper's Ferry
An attempt by the white abolitionist John Brown to start an armed slave revolt in 1859 by seizing a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Brown's raid, accomplished by 20 men in his party, was defeated by a detachment of U.S. Marines led by Col. Robert E. Lee.
Political party formed in the mid-1830's in opposition to Jacksonian Democrats, that favored a strong role for the national government for promoting economic growth
Sectional compromise in Congress in 1820 that admitted Missouri to the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state and prohibited slavery in the northern Louisiana purchase. Purpose: to balance slave/non-slave states in government.
Slave Power Conspiracy
A term used in the United States ca. 1840-1865 to denounce the political power of the slaveholding class in the South. The argument was that this small group of rich men had seized political control of their own states and was trying to take over the national government in illegitimate fashion to use it to expand and protect slavery.
A faction of the Whig Party in the state of Massachusetts noted for their moral opposition to slavery. Split from main party in 1848.
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