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Terms in this set (45)
3 Against 2
One line of music may be playing quavers in groups of two whilst at the same time another line of music will be playing triplets. Other note values can be similarly used.
An ornament which sounds like a crushed note played very quickly on the beat or just before it.
This describes a note 'added' to the familiar Chord structure (root, 3rd and 5th).
A passage of music where the length of the notes used are doubled, for example, where a quaver was used originally it would be replaced by a crotchet.
a form of musical accompaniment used in the Baroque period. It means 'continuous bass'.
a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instruments - traditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber.
Term for florid vocal singing involving scales, runs and ornaments where there are a number of notes sung to the one syllable.
the name given to the small, solo group of instrumentalists as opposed to the main group, the Ripieno.
an important form of music which developed throughout the Baroque Period having three main elements concertino, ripieno and basso continuo.
Da Capo Aria
a musical form that was prevalent in the Baroque era. It is sung by a soloist with the accompaniment of instruments, often a small orchestra.
A chord that consists of four notes built one on top of the other.
A passage of music where the length of the notes used are halved, for example, where a crotchet was used originally it would be replaced by a quaver.
Chord built on the dominant (5th) note of a key which adds the 7th note above its root.
This describes the first hearing of the 'theme' and is normally associated with compositions structured in Sonata Form or Fugue.
Harmonic minor scale
The notes of the harmonic minor scale are the same as the natural minor except that the seventh degree is raised by one semitone, making an augmented second between the sixth and seventh degrees.
The high eerie sounds produced on a bowed string instrument by lightly touching the string at certain points.
A style that mirrors the style of painting by Artists such as Claude Monet, where edges between objects are often blurred.
A cadence is formed by two chords at the end of a phrase
The distance in pitch between two notes.
Irregular time signatures
This occur when the music does not naturally fall into equal groupings.
Jazz Funk is a sub-genre of Jazz music.
This term (the German word for song) refers to songs for solo voice, accompanied by piano.
a sacred choral work traditionally using the five main sections of the Roman Catholic, Western Orthodox, Anglican or Lutheran Church liturgy.
Melodic minor scale
This consists of different notes when ascending/descending.
Term used to describe music based on a mode.
An ornament which sounds the main note, the note above and then the main note again.
Recorded natural sounds which are transformed using simple editing techniques such as cutting and re-assembling, playing backwards, slowing down and speeding up.
A prominent solo instrument part in a piece of vocal music.
Usually a story from the Bible set to music for soloists, chorus and orchestra.
Variations over a Ground Bass.
A cadence is formed by two chords at the end of a phrase. Ends in IV - I
Also known as Gregorian Chant or Plainsong was the mainstay of music in the early church.
A type of vocal writing where the music follows the rhythm of speech, used in operas and oratorios.
Each major key has a relative minor which shares the same key signature
one of the elements of the Baroque Concerto Grosso. It describes the larger / main group of ensemble instruments.
used to describe a theme which returns frequently throughout a piece of music, or a movement within a larger piece.
can be exemplified in two ways, either as a composition for solo piano, or a composition for a solo instrument accompanied by piano.
This term is used to describe the structure of the first movement of many sonatas, symphonies and often overtures.
developed in the southern states of America and grew in popularity throughout the 1960's. It was a combination of gospel, blues and country music, and its gritty sound reflected what was happening socially in America at that time.
A chamber music ensemble made up from two violins, one viola and one cello.
The main theme in a composition.
A vocal/choral composition in which there is little or no repetition in the musical structure i.e. where the composition is not structured as verse/chorus.
Tierce de Picardie
The final chord of a piece of music in the minor key is changed to major.
The time signature specify how many beats are to be contained in each bar and which note value is to be given one beat.
Term for the rapid up-and-down movement of a bow on a stringed instrument creating an agitated, restless effect.
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