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Steps to the Civil War
Terms in this set (13)
Proposed banning slavery in any land the U.S. might gain from war with Mexico and started a heated debate about the expansion of slavery.
Compromise of 1850
Resolved the issue of slavery from land gained in the Mexican Cession: California would enter as a free state, other territories would use popular sovereignty. The slave trade was banned in D.C.
Fugitive Slave Act
Passed with the Compromise of 1850, it punished those who tried to help runaway slaves. Many free blacks fell victim to the law, and civil disobedience increased.
Senator from Massachusetts that gave a three-hour speech to Senate in effort to get the Compromise of 1850 passed; he believed it would preserve the Union.
Proposed by Stephen Douglas, it ignored the Missouri Compromise in Kansas and Nebraska and opened the slavery issue up to popular sovereignty.
Violent confrontations between proslavery and antislavery groups who rushed to Kansas to influence the vote about slavery in the mid 1850s.
Formed to opposed the expansion of slavery into new territories.
Democratic candidate that won the presidential election of 1856. Considered one of the worst presidents for failing to preserve the Union by letting southern states secede.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
This Supreme Court decision upheld slavery by using the 5th amendment to argue that the government cannot seize property from citizens and said Congress could not prohibit slavery.
Despite losing the election for Illinois senator, Abraham Lincoln gained a national reputation as a fierce and intelligent opponent of slavery from these public debates.
John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry
In an attempt to arm slaves with weapons and start a slave revolt, this violent abolitionist's raid failed and he was hanged for treason.
Election of 1860
Because the Democratic party divided three ways, Abraham Lincoln (R) won the presidential election. South Carolina seceded soon after he won, and six states followed them before he even became president.
Congressman who proposed the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 to relieve sectional tensions.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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