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James Monroe

Who won the Election of 1820?

Rush-Bagot Agreement of 1817

American and Great Britain pledged to limit its naval presence of the Great Lakes to a few armed ships.

Convention of 1818

Britain and the United States agreed to allow both countries to fish in the disputed waters.

The First Seminole War

The war in which Jackson executed two British officials he claimed were aiding the Indians. Jackson was issued to stop the Indian Raids in Georgia and East Florida.

Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819

Spain transferred East Florida to the United States.

The Monroe Doctrine

The President vowed that the United States would not interfere with any existing european colonies in Latin America. However, the U.S. would consider any European attempt to regain former colonies or establish new ones in the Western Hemisphere "dangerous to our peace and safety."

Simon Bolivar

Nicknamed "The Liberator". Helped win independence for his own country of Venezuela in 1821.

Henry Clay

Man who is most noted for his proposal to increase federal involvement in the economy. He devised a three part plan known as the American System.

The Tariff of 1816

25% tax on most imported factory goods because American manufacturers could not sell their goods as cheaply as the larger British companies.

National Road

1815 construction of the Cumberland Road. By 1818, it reached as far as what is now Wheeling, West Virginia and was later extended to Vandalia, Illinois.

Erie Canal

1817- NY began one of the ambitious transportation projects of the era. A 363 mile long canal was intended as a cheaper and faster route to and from the interior of the country than roads.

Market Revolution

The creation of national markets.

Industrial Revolution

A period of dynamic changes in manufacturing.

Samuel Slater

Father of the American Factory System. - Textile Mill.

Panic of 1819

A chain reaction of bank failures, falling land prices, and foreclosures.

Eli Whitney

Employed interchangeable parts in the manufacture of firearms. He reasoned that various musket parts could be machine-produced in mass quantities and used interchangeable in making individual weapons.

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