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Chapter 15 & 16 Brief Ancient India Quizlet
Terms in this set (55)
What is Hinduism?
India's first major religion. Hinduism is a very old religion, so old that it began before recorded history. There is not 1 specific founder. It developed slowly, over a long period of time.
What is Dharma?
One of the basic beliefs of Hinduism that stands for law, obligation, and duty.
What is Brahman?
In Hinduism, the one supreme power, or divine force, that everything is a part of.
What is Deities?
A god or goddess (In a polytheistic religion) OR The forms that represents the various qualities of Brahman
What is Karma?
In Hinduism, the belief that how a person lives will affect their next life.
What is Samsara?
In Hinduism, the belief in a continuous cycle of life, death, and rebirth.
What is the Vedas?
A collection of Hindu sacred writings.
What is Sanskrit?
An ancient language of India.
What does Pantheistic mean?
The belief of all gods that make up one overall main god
What is Brahmanism?
An ancient Indian religion in which the Brahmins (priests and religious scholars) are the dominant class.
What is a Caste?
A class, or group, in Hindu society.
What is Reincarnation?
The belief that a person's soul is reborn into a new body after death.
What is a Pilgrimage?
A journey to a holy place.
Now will begin a cycle of different questions from Chapter 15. This is basically a series of questions from the chapter coming in at random times.
As long as people are part of Samsara, people will know __________ and ___________.
Pain and Death.
When does the cycle of Samsara end?
Samsara ends when the soul escapes from the cycle of rebirth and is united with Brahman, the supreme force in the universe. It takes many lifetimes before a person can be released from samsara. You also will need enough good karma.
When did Hinduism start?
There was no known specific date for its start.
Hinduism now refers to a group of different religions that grew out of _________ and ______________
Vedism and Brahmanism
Who is seen as the "The Supreme Force of the Universe"?
What is Shiva known as?
Destroyer of all things
Shiva is pictured as _____ for ________________________________________________.
Blue and swallowing poison to save humanity.
Shiva has a ______ ______ to destroy evil, has used it to destroy _________ _______, _________, and __________
Third eye and entire people, cities, and civilizations
Name the 5 Hindu Castes in order from highest in power to lowest in power.
Brahmin (Priests & Religious Scholars), Kshatriyas (Rulers & Warriors), Vaishyas (Herders & Merchants) & Shudras (Servants), and the Untouchables (The poor unwanted)
Who is the god who meditates?
Vishnu is ___________
The preserver of goodness
The Vedas is a collection of ________ ____________ of Hinduism, written around __________.
A collection of Sacred texts and 1200 BCE
Karma is the _________________ which has consequences in this ________ and the ____________
Karma is the sum of all your life's actions which has consequences in this life and the next life.
Why do people take pilgrimages?
Pilgrims believed that the difficulty of the journey would cleanse them of their sins. Ganges River is a place where many people do this.
True or False: Hindus still take pilgrimages today.
True: Faithful Hindus still make pilgrimages today. Pilgrims travel for days over difficult land, including mountains.
Karma also applies to _______, __________, and __________ on other people
Thoughts, words, and impact.
One type of dharma is ___________ dharma, which mean the ______________________.
Varna & way of one's kind (caste)
Another type of dharma is ____________ dharma, which means a ____________________________________
Common & set of values for everyone, not just certain castes.
How many Holidays are there in Hinduism?
No specific number of holidays, some accounts saying that there is more than one for each day of the year. (This was a trick question)
Three (of the many) holidays celebrated in Hinduism are ___________________, _________________, and _________________
Holi or Halaka, Mahashivaratri, and Diwali
Bonus Question: Who is Lakshmi?
Lakshmi is the Goddess of wealth and good luck.
What is Buddhism?
A religion of India begun by Prince Siddhartha, or the Buddha.
What is Buddha?
A man originally named Siddhartha Gautama who lived in India from about 563 to 483 B.C.E. and began the religion of Buddhism.
What is Ascetic?
A person who gives up worldly pleasures.
What is Alms?
Goods given to the poor.
What is Nirvana?
An ideal state of happiness or peace
Now will begin a cycle of different questions from Chapter 16. This is basically a series of questions from the chapter coming in at random times.
Who was Prince Siddhartha?
Prince Siddhartha was the first Buddha. Prince Siddhartha was born about 563 B.C.E. in the northern part of India, near the Himalaya Mountains. His father, Suddhodana, was a powerful king. His mother was the beautiful Queen Maya.
Who was Prince Siddhartha? (Buddha) Sorry this was doubled :)
Prince Siddhartha was born about 563 B.C.E. in the northern part of India, near the Himalaya Mountains. His father, Suddhodana, was a powerful king. His mother was the beautiful Queen Maya.
How and where was Prince Siddhartha born?
One night, before her son was born, the queen had a dream. In the dream, she was carried high over the Himalayas to a silver mountain and set on a silver couch. A white elephant with six tusks walked around her and then struck her right side. The prince was born in a garden.
True or False: The prince was raised in a world of perfect wealth and beauty in order for the king to protect the prince from the horrors of the world.
What happened when Siddhartha turned 16?
At the age of 16, Prince Siddhartha married a beautiful young noblewoman. The wedding feast lasted seven days and seven nights. For 12 years the couple lived together in perfect peace, enjoying the prince's many palaces. When Siddhartha turned 29, they had a son.
What are the 4 noble truths?
1) Suffering is present in all things, and nothing lasts forever.
2) Suffering is caused by
cravings (desires and
3) The way to end suffer-
ing is to give up all
4) The way to give up all
cravings is to live life
according to the
True or False: Siddhartha discovered the 3 forms of suffering.
True: These are 3 trips he took to discover them:
(Aging, Sickness, & Death)
1) On his first trip, the prince and his chariot driver saw a thin man who walked with the aid of a stick. "Why does that man
look so terrible?" the prince asked. His driver replied that the man was old. He told the prince that everyone's body weakens
as it ages.
2) On the second trip, the prince and his driver saw a man crying out in pain on the ground. "What is the matter with that
poor man?" the prince asked. The driver explained that the man was sick.
3)On the third trip, the prince saw a group of people walking slowly down the road. The group carried a figure wrapped in
white cloth. "Death came for that man.'1 Siddhartha's driver said quietly. "One day it will come for you, too." "How can you sit so peacefully when there is so much suffering around you?" the prince asked the man. The ascetic replied, "To be free of suffering, one must give up the desires, pleasures, and comforts of the world. I find peace by helping others find peace."
True or False: Siddhartha had learned that giving up bodily pleasures did not bring enlightenment.
True: He decided to balance himself between the extremes of pleasure and pain. He would be neither a prince nor an ascetic. Instead, he would seek a "middle way" as a path to enlightenment. The prince's new way of thinking caused the other ascetics to leave him. But he was content to be alone. He was not yet enlightened, but he was on the right path.
Why did Prince Siddhartha become Ascetic?
He wanted to find the happiness and peace the ascetic had found. That means he found nirvana.
What did Prince Siddhartha do to become Ascetic?
Siddhartha decided to give up his old life and find enlightenment. Becoming enlightened meant finding deep truth and being free of suffering.
What is the ultimate goal of Hinduism?
To escape the cycle of Samsara and reunite with Brahman.
What is the ultimate goal of Buddhism?
To reach enlightenment and Nirvana.
How is Buddhism similar to Hinduism? There are 5.
1. They are both religions still practiced today.
2. They both have at least one god/ruler
3. Religions that are practiced by meditating
4. Both religions started in India
5. The followers speak Sanskrit
How is Buddhism different from Hinduism? There are 6.
1. Buddhism is not based on complicated rituals
2. Buddhism doesn't believe in many gods
3. Buddhism is open to everyone, not just castes
4. The Buddha founded Buddhism, but Hinduism didn't have 1 specific founder.
5. Hinduism believes in the Sacred text, Vedas, but Buddhism does not have a Sacred Text.
6. Buddhism didn't have a certain caste system.
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