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study guide for Sullivan College of Technology and Design's color theory for Graphic designers, qiuz 4, chapters 7-9 of Linda Holtzschue's 4th edition of Understanding Color.

First person to split white light into component wavelengths of color with a prism

Isaac Newton

the concept that light ALONE generates color is the basis of what scientific discipline?


person who identidied the the three primary colors (Subtractive)

Jacques LeBlon

german color theorist whose writings about the EFFECTS of color form much of the artist/designer point of view on color theory

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

harmony can be defined as:

everything in balance, everything belonging in its place.

a pleasing sense of harmony can be created between any two colors by creating between them a series of:


a sense of unbalance, edginess, things out of order between color relationships can be called:

dissonance, or disharmony

an artist or designers medium is:

a base plus a colorant.


colorants fully dissolved in a solution/solvent and bond with a material on a molecular level


finely ground particles of colorant suspended in a liquid and sits on material surface

process colors

principle medium for printing and reprographics

100% magenta plus 100% yellow (process colors)=


100% yellow plus 100% cyan (process colors)=


100% magenta plus 100% cyan (process colors)=


the 'K' in CMYK stands for

KEY color (usually black)

Hexachrome printing

6 color process

spot colors

individually mixed colors, like metallics or day-glo colors that must be applied by hand

color separation

tiny dots of CMYK printed in individual layers and off-set to form a rosette pattern.

tinting strength

the quantity of a color needed to make a perceptible difference when added to another color

in CMYK printing, black is added in increments of


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