47 terms

Animal, Plant, and Funguslike Protists

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What is another name for animal-like protist
Protozoa
How do animal like protist get their food
They are heterotrophs/consumers
How are animaI like protists different from animals
They are single celled while animals are multicellular
What are three ways animal like Protists move
Flagella, pseudopod, or cilia
What is another name for plant like protists
Algae
How do plant like protists get their food
Through photosynthesis/ they are autotrophs
How are plant like protists different from plants
They do not have true roots, stems, or leaves and they can be single-celled, colonial, and multicellular while plants are ONLY multicellular
What is another name for funguslike protists
Slime molds
How do you funguslike protists get their food
They are decomposers/ heterotrophs
How are funguslike protists and fungi different
Funguslike protist move during part of life cycle and fungi cannot move
Eukaryote that is not an animal, plant, or fungus
Protist
How are protists categorized
Based on how they get their food
Long, whip like tail
Flagella
"Fake foot"; temporary extension of cytoplasm and plasma membrane that helps protozoa move and feed
Pseudopod
Short, hairlike structures
Cilia
How are plant-like Protists like plants
Have chloroplasts for photosynthesis
Are fungus like Protists single or multicellular
Multicellular
Why are protists not placed into animal, plant, and fungi kingdoms?
Although they are similar to each, they have one or more characteristics that do not fit into each kingdom
What is an organism's with a flagella way of life?
Free-living, parasites, and mutualist
What is an example of an organism with a flagella
Zooflagellate
Organism with this way of moving is free-living and parasites; example is amoeba
Pseudopod
Organism with this way of moving is free-living and parasites; example is paramecium
Cilia
A protist that causes sleep sickness
The zooflagellates (animal-like Protists) Trypanosoma and Giardia
What protist is common in natural streams and other bodies of water near wild animal habitats?
Giardia/ animal like protist with flagella
What plant like protist is found in freshwater or saltwater, has 1 - 2 flagellum, and is single-celled
Euglenoids
What plant like protist is found in saltwater, freshwater, or snow, has to flagellum, and is single-celled
Dinoflagellates
What plant like protist is found in freshwater or saltwater, in soil, on rocks, plants and animals (whale), has glass-like shells, and is single-celled
Diatoms
What plant like protist is found in water or on land, has chlorophyll A and B and carotenoids, and is multicellular
Green algae
What plant like protist is found in saltwater, has chlorophyll C, and is multicellular
Brown algae
What plant like protist is found in saltwater or freshwater, has chlorophyll A and phycoerythrin, and is multicellular
Red algae
How are plant-like Protists similar to plants
They are autotrophs/ have chloroplasts for photosynthesis
How are plant-like protists different from plants
Some are Colonial and single-celled, and they don't have roots, stems, or leaves
How are fungus-like Protists different from fungi
They can move during part of life cycle
What happens to a plasmodial slime mold when it is under environmental stress
It stops growing and develops non-moving reproductive structures which creates spores
What was the cause of the Great Potato Famine in Ireland in the 1800s
The water mold, mildew Phytophthora infestans, cause a disease called potato blight. The disease destroyed most of the potato crops
What fungus like protist is found on the underside of logs and on Dead Leaves, is a decomposer, and has a body form of plasmodium, spore producing structure, and had spores that can move
Plasmodial slime mold
What fungus like protist can be found in soil, is a decomposer, and has a body form of pseudoplasmodium, spore producing structure, "fake plasmodium"
Cellular slime mold
What fungus like protist can be found in freshwater, is a decomposer or parasite, and has a body form of branching strands of cells
Water mold
What can grow as large as a meter or more, has a resistant/ resting stage, and releases chemical signals that cause the cells to swarm together
Slime mold
What can have a cottony appearance
Water mold
How are slime molds and water molds different from fungi
They can move
Where are Protists found
Mostly water or wet, moist areas
How do Protists reproduce
Sexually or asexually
Examples of protists
Algae, amoeba, protozoa, and slime molds
True or false: Protists are prokaryotes and multicellular
False, they are single-celled and eukaryotic
What domain is the protist in
Eukarya
How are animal-like protists classified
By how they move