Humanities Test 2 Questions
Terms in this set (24)
OTHER ROMAN LITERATURE
TOPICS ON JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY QUESTIONS
TOPICS ON JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY ANSWERS
Know the rough outlines of the standard, Biblical history of the Hebrew people and how modern archaeologists dispute that view.
Know how there is evidence linking the Canaanites to the early Israelites, but little evidence for a kingdom of David or Solomon.
Know how the ancient Kingdom of Israel split, was conquered and for a time exiled by Assyrians and Babylonians, and then conquered and ruled by Greeks and Romans and how Hebrew religion and culture show all these influences.
Know the consequences for Judaism of the loss of the Kingdom of Israel.
Know what is significant about the Genesis account of creation, and how it and the covenant defines a version of Humanism rather different than Greek humanism.
Unlike the Mesopotamian myths, humans are in the image of god. They were not created as slaves to the gods. They are also created perfect. But unlike Greeks, they are created with a purpose
How might the story of Eve be discussed from a feminist point of view.
Eve was created after Adam, from his rib. This can be interpreted that she is subordinate to him. Also she eats the fruit first.
Know how the prophets transformed and deepened the idea of faith and practice, and called for inner purity and social justice, not just ritual observance.
Know how Hebrew literature gives history a direction, and what is the significance of apocalypse.
*the coming of the messiah,
*came out of the oppression of the Hebrews from the Greeks and Romans
Know how there were variations in Judaism.
*Sadducees: conservative, wealthy elite, center of power was temple, kings native or allowed by Rome, narrow in interpretation of Law and who could interpret it, denied resurrection, open to Hellenic and Roman influence
*Pharisees: more democratic and popular, worked more out of local synagogues, believed in resurrection, Talmud
*division between Jews returned to Palestine and those who stayed in the Diaspora
Know how Christianity grows out of the Hebrew and Greco-Roman traditions.
*Early Christians, such as Jesus himself, were Hebrews, probably Hellenized Jews
*The Jesus movement comes out of the traditions of Hebrew prophecy, teaching, scripture,
*these Hebrew rituals were already influenced by Greco-Roman customs
*one Creator god, focus on series of holy writings, faith and ethical behavior, Messiah, Satan, church
Know some of the basic outlines of the Christian message, what factors helped it survive and then prevail in the Roman world.
*Jesus fits the message of dying and rising God, a theme in many mystery religions
*Death benefits all of humanity such as Hercules, Aeneas
*cults and mystery religions wanted merciful god, spiritual development
Know how, for example, Christianity reflects the higher spiritual values of the Hebrew Prophets.
Know the contribution of St. Paul.
*St. Paul made it an international religion
*Gentiles did not have to first become Jews to become Christians
*Christians did not have to follow laws and rituals of Jews
*Jesus created a new covenant
*first theology of the Christian church
Know how there were a lot of variants of Early Christianity, which were pruned back once the Emperor Constantine called Church Councils which defined 'correct' forms of Christianity and enforced that definition.
*did they have to be jews or not
Know how the early Church fathers used Greek philosophy to help create Christian theology and Roman law helped as well.
Know the contributions of Christian writers like Jerome and Augustine.
Know about monks and rules for monks like the Rule of St. Benedict.
Know how Christianity tends to look down on this world and our mortal bodies. Know the importance of the martyrs. ,
LATER ROMAN EMPIRE Q
LATER ROMAN EMPIRE A
Know the problems that faced the later Roman empire after the death of Commodus
such as the problems with barbarians, plagues, the Roman army, the flight from the cities, the neglect of Aristocrats
Know about the reforms of Diocletian and Constantine
*Diocletian instituted the tetrarchy
*increased size of Roman army
*Constantine tolerated and Christians approved of Christianity. He moved the capital of the Roman empire to Byzantium.
Know how the empire eventually split with the west fracturing into various large scale Germanic kingdoms and the East turning into the Byzantine Empire.