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North America Study Guide
Terms in this set (75)
how large is north america in comparison to the other continents?
3rd largest continent
north america makes up what percentage of the earths total land area?
how populous is north America in comparison to the other continents?
4th most populous
what is the population of North america?
what is the largest city in north america?
mexico city, mexico
what is the highest point in north america?
what is the lowest point in north america?
what is the largest river system in north america and the fourth largest in the world?
ms/mo river system
what are the four great physical regions of north america?
canadian shield, great plains, mountainous west, varied eastern region
what two regions can the varied eastern region be divided into?
Appalachian Mtn, coastal plains
what is the Canadian shield?
largest area of exposed rock on the face of the earth
how much of Canada is covered by the Canadian shield?
what type of soil is found on the Canadian shield?
the Canadian shield is rich in what?
mineral and other natural resources
what region extends from Alberta, saskatchewan down into Mexico?
what increases in the great plains as you move west to east?
what does the western portion of the great plains lie in?
what is a rain shadow?
an area of reduced rainfall on the leeward side of high mountains
what percentage of the worlds grains is produced in the great plains?
the various mountain ranges that extend from Canada down into Mexico are known as what?
what is the mountainous west also known as?
what is the major range of the mountainous west?
what area of the mountainous west serves as the boundary line that separates rivers flowing towards opposite sides of the continent of north america?
what is the worlds largest gorge?
what is a gorge?
deep, narrow canyon
the first americans migrated to north america from where?
at what time did the first americans migrate to north america?
as the first americans spread out, they developed societies based on what?
where did the first civilizations of north america develop?
why did the first civilizations of north america develop in Mesoamerica?
eventually the cultures of the early americans blended with the cultures of whom?
what are the two largest countries of north america?
what are two similarities between Canada and the US?
what does standard of living refer to?
a person's or group's level of material well-being, as measured by education, housing, health care, and nutrition
what is Canada known as?
great white north
how large is Canada in comparison to the other countries of the world?
why does the majority of Canada's population live near its southern border?
harsh climate north
over half of Canada's population lives in an area from lake erie along the St. Lawrence river thats known as what?
the majority of Canada's population is of what descent?
where does Canada have a large asian population?
what is the predominant religion of Canada?
what are the two official languages of Canada?
because Canada has two official languages, it is said to be what?
what type of country is the US?
what is a fragmented country?
broken up by another country or body of water
what are the two names used for the forty-eight US states that are physically connected?
contiguous states or lower 48
how large is the US population in comparison to the other countries of the world
4th most populated
how large is the US population?
what is the predominant religion of the US?
what is the official language of the US?
what is the predominant language of the US?
what are the two names given to the area of North America that extends from Mexico to Panama?
what do you call central america when you combine it with south america because of its cultural similarities?
what is an isthmus?
narrow strip of land connecting two large land masses
what are the two historical problems of the countries of central america?
what type of economy has central america traditionally had?
what are the countries of central america doing about their economies today?
what christian denomination is the predominant religion of central america?
what is the predominant language of central america?
what is one of the most important features of central america?
who built the Panama canal?
us army corps of engineers
when did the US give the Panama canal back to the country of Panama
what two oceans does the Panama canal connect?
what are the islands of the Caribbean sometimes known as?
why are they known as the West Indies?
Christopher Columbus discovered them, he believed he was in the Indies Islands (East Indies) that are located in the Pacific
what two areas can the West Indies be divided into?
greater and lesser antilles
what islands make up the Greater Antilles?
cuba, hispaniola, jamaica, puerto rico
the islands of the Greater Antilles all have a Spanish heritage except for what island?
what are two historical problems for the islands of the Greater Antilles?
poverty/ political instability
what country of the Great Antilles is the poorest of the Western Hemisphere?
what island of the Greater Antilles isn't an independent nation?
what is Puerto Rico?
territory of US
what are the Lesser Antilles also known as?
economically what do the Lesser Antilles rely on?
what is a problem with the tourism industry of the Lesser Antilles?
the money doesn't stay there
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